Backgrounder: Key events in crisis in Libya

17:14, April 13, 2011      

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The first contact group meeting on Libya will start in the Qatari capital of Doha on Wednesday to discuss a political exit to the crisis in the North African country. The following are key events in the turmoil in Libya.

March 12

-- The 22-member Arab League held an emergency meeting on Libya and called on the UN Security Council to impose a no-fly zone over the Africa's major oil-exporter to protect citizens.

March 17

-- The UN Security Council adopted a resolution authorizing a no-fly zone over Libya and called for "all necessary measures," excluding troops on the ground, to protect civilians from attacks.

March 19

-- French warplanes and Tomahawk cruise missiles fired from U.S. and British warships and submarines hit targets in the Libyan capital of Tripoli to clear the way for the enforcement of a UN- mandated no-fly zone.

-- Libya said it considered invalid the UN resolution on a no- fly zone and demanded an urgent meeting of the UN Security Council after the airstrikes by Western powers.

March 20

-- Arab League chief Amr Moussa criticized the international coalition forces' bombardment on Libya which caused civilian casualties.

March 25

-- Qatari warplanes hovered over Libya as part of the Gulf emirate's participation in the military operation, which marked the first time an Arab nation committed to the western-led operation in Libya.

March 29

-- Participants at a London conference on Libya agreed to form a contact group to direct political efforts on Libya and continue military action in the North African country.

March 31

-- NATO took over full command of the international combat in Libya from the United States.

April 10

-- Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi agreed to end conflicts and open political dialogues with rebels, key terms in a "roadmap" to peace proposed by the African Union mediators.

April 11

-- NATO Secretary General Anders Fogh Rasmussen said that military action alone won't solve the crisis in Libya, but "any ceasefire must be credible and verifiable". He said NATO would not cut back its operations in Libya.

-- Libyan rebels rejected the African Union-brokered road map.

April 12

-- Qatar said it has delivered through its state-owned marketing company International Petroleum Marketing Company Ltd. ( Tasweeq) four shipments of oil products to the rebel stronghold of Benghazi.

Source: Xinhua
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