Nile Basin states may resolve difference through negotiations (2)

09:21, August 24, 2010      

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"Tanzania believes that the Nile Basin Commission shall promote integrated management, sustainable development and equitable utilization of the water resources of the Basin, which would significantly contribute towards economic prosperity, and peaceful cooperation in all riparian states," he added.

To explain the root cause for the dispute of the Nile River water resources share, the Tanzanian government official said that Egypt and Sudan base their claim to almost all the Nile's water resources share on two agreements which were entered more than half a century ago that give Egypt most of the water and the power of veto over its use by upstream countries.

He added that Tanzania, on attaining independence, declared her intention not to be bound by the Nile treaties entered into on her behalf by Britain, as the declaration known as the Nyerere Doctrine was subsequently adopted by most Nile riparian states.

"It is mandatory to ensure equitable and sustainable utilization of the common resources for the benefit of all basin states. Neither the 1929 Nile Waters Agreement nor the 1959 Nile Agreement for full utilization of the Nile waters paid any attention to the needs and wishes of the upstream nations," noted the Tanzanian official.

"Consequently, the riparian states all agreed to go to the negotiation table in order to come up with an agreement that has been freely negotiated and acceptable to them. The present CFA precisely advocates such changes to the original water resources share in accordance with the internationally agreed principles of equitable and reasonable use, transparency, fairness, effectiveness, efficiency and sustainability on the basis of sovereign equality, territorial integrity, mutual benefit and good faith," he added.
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