Why U.S. reacts mildly to Bushehr nuclear power plant's fuel loading?

19:45, August 27, 2010      

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Fuel loading to Iran's first nuclear power plant, which started on Aug. 21, is scheduled to finish on Sept. 5, when 163 fuel rods will have been transferred into the core of the reactor after required inspections, and the Bushehr nuclear power plant will become operational soon.

Prior to the fuel loading, many analysts believed the United States would reacted fiercely to the fuel injection into the power plant. However, what totally out of their expectation is that the U.S. responded mildly by saying "we recognize that the Bushehr reactor is designed to provide civilian nuclear power and do not view it as a proliferation risk."

It may seem surprising, but it is actually not if one always bears in mind what the U.S. pursues concerning Iran's nuclear program. Whatever the U.S. does is to help realize its political goal.

Then two reasons may explain the unexpected U.S. response. Firstly, the United States does not have enough excuses to oppose Iran using peaceful nuclear energy, since Iran is a signatory to the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT).

Obviously, what the U.S. has been wanting to realize is for Iran to completely stop uranium enrichment activities, and Russia providing nuclear fuel for the Bushehr nuclear power plant could serve as a proof that Iran does not need to enrich uranium within its borders for its nuclear power plant, and the nuclear fuel needed for peaceful purposes can be supplied by other countries like Russia.

So the second explanation for the unexpected U.S. reaction must be the U.S. hopes to make use of the fuel loading to the Bushehr power plant as a justification to force the Islamic Republic to give up uranium enrichment activities. That's why the U.S. State Department said the country sees no "proliferation risk" from Iran 's Russian-built Bushehr nuclear power plant, but emphasized Russia's involvement in the reactor underscores that Iran does not need an indigenous enrichment capability if its intentions are purely peaceful.
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