Brazil's population grows 12% in past 10 years: census

10:27, November 30, 2010      

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The Brazilian population reached 190.73 million people in 2010, increasing 12.3 percent in the past decade, according to the country's latest census released on Monday.

The growth was lower than in the 1990-2000 period, when Brazil's population increased 15 percent, said the census released by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE).

According to the census carried out from Aug. 1 to Oct. 31, 84 percent of Brazilians live in urban areas, from 81 percent in 2000. The southeastern region, where Rio and Sao Paulo are located, remain the most populated, with 80.3 million people.

However, the share of the population who live in the southeast fell from 42.8 to 42.1 percent in the past 10 years. The share of Brazilians living in the northeastern and southern regions also fell, while figures were up in the northern and midwestern regions.

Sao Paulo is the most populated state, with 41.25 million inhabitants, while Roraima, in the northern region, is the least populated, with 451,227 people. A large part of Roraima is inhabited by Indian reserves.

The city of Sao Paulo remains the most populated city with 11.2 million inhabitants, followed by Rio with 6.3 million, Salvador with 2.6 million, and Brasilia with 2.5 million inhabitants.

The number of Brazilian women surpassed the number of men in 3.9 million, and the country now has a proportion of 95.9 men for every 100 women. In 2000, for every 100 women, there were 96.6 men. The census also pointed out that the Brazilian population is aging, with over 23,000 citizens aged 100 or older.

Source: Xinhua


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