Brazil struggles to transform slums into new communities (2)

11:02, August 04, 2010      

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Sao Paulo is only an example. Since 2000, the Brazilian government has paid much attention to the social problems such as poverty. Especially in recent year, the federal and local governments started to rebuild the slums and make it as an important means to eradicate poverty.

They used to resettle the people living in slums in the past and then to build new city communities or commercial districts at the original places. But the result was that poor people were living further away from the center of the city, which added more of a burden to city transport.

So they now aim to involve the slums in the city development plan and change them into harmonious communities. They will also do registrations for the slum population and send them legal residence cards for better management.

Brazil's federal government passed a "Fast Development Plan" to invest 13 billion real (about 7.4 billion US dollars) in city slum reconstruction. The local government will also invest 4 billion real (about 227 million US dollars) in rebuilding 380 city slums.

After years of effort, many slums have greatly changed.

Brazil expects to eradicate extreme poverty in 2016

Slum clearance is just one of the measures for poverty relief in Brazil. The federal government helped the poor groups to increase income and improve their life via "family awards," "public pharmacies" and "family agriculture." At present, these measures have started to work.

According to an investigation of Brazil applied economic research center, the number of people living in extreme poverty has decreased by 2.1 percent and poor people decrease by 3.1 percent every year. If the rate can be maintained, Brazil will eradicate extreme poverty in 2016 and the population under the poverty line will be reduced from 28.8 percent down to 4 percent.

By Wu Zhihua, People's Daily; translated by Zhao Chenyan
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