U.S. seeks for international reaffirmation of commitment to NPT

08:15, April 27, 2010      

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The Obama administration has been seeking for an international reaffirmation of commitment to the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) at the NPT Review Conference next month in New York, senior administration official said on Monday.

"We look to reaffirm each party's commitment to that treaty and to strengthen its three pillars: non-proliferation, disarmament, and peaceful uses of nuclear energy," Assistant Secretary of State Rose Gottemoeller told a meeting of the Arms Control Association, an organization promoting public support for arms control.

"In addition, we want to discourage abuses of the treaty withdrawal provision and ensure there is a strong focus on NPT compliance. That said, the Review Conference is not an end in itself, but a milestone toward enhancing the non-proliferation regime worldwide," said Gottemoeller.

At the NPT conference, according to Gottemoeller, the Obama administration would also urge to bring the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) into force and to complete the process on a verifiable Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty (FMCT), in efforts to reduce the nuclear threat facing the international community.

There are 189 states having joined the NPT treaty, which came into force in March 1970.

Under the treaty, the five nations with nuclear weapons, namely the United States, Russia, China, Britain and France, must move toward disarmament; nations without nuclear weapons must forgo them; and all nations have an inalienable right to peaceful nuclear energy.

India, Pakistan and Israel have declined to sign the treaty, while the Democratic People's Republic of Korea announced its withdrawal from the treaty in 2003.

Some experts warn that the nonproliferation regime has been on the verge of collapse due to wide-range violations, especially some non-nuclear states' pursue for becoming nuclear powers, adding that the upcoming Review Conference would be vital for the regime's fate.



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