Backgrounder: Recent major tsunamis worldwide

10:31, February 28, 2010      

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A massive magnitude-8.8 earthquake hit southern Chile early Saturday, killing at least 78 people and triggering a tsunami.

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center in Hawaii has sent warnings to several countries and regions. The followings are major tsunamis caused by earthquakes worldwide in recent years:

On July 17, 1998, a devastating tsunami caused by a magnitude 7.9 earthquake struck Papua New Guinea, killing more than 1,000 people, leaving over 2,000 missing and left more than 6,000 people homeless.

In June, 2001, at least 78 people were killed by a tsunami caused by a magnitude-8.4 earthquake in southern Peru. The direct economic loss reached about 300 million U.S. dollars.

On Dec. 26, 2004, a 9.0 magnitude earthquake struck off the Indonesian island of Sumatra, triggering a tsunami that killed tens of thousands of people in several countries.

On July 17, 2006, a magnitude-6.8 earthquake occurred off the coast of Indonesia's West Java, triggering a tsunami that killed 668 people, injured at least 1,438 and left about 74,000 people homeless.

On April 2, 2007, more than 50 people died and thousands of people were evacuated in the Solomon Islands which was hit by a tsunami caused by a magnitude-8.0 earthquake.

On Sept. 29, 2009, a strong earthquake measuring 8.0 on the Richter scale struck the Pacific island nation of Samoa and caused a tsunami that killed at least 184 people.

On Jan. 4, 2010, two powerful earthquakes measuring 6.5 and 7.2 on the Richter scale hit the western part of Solomon Islands, followed by a number of smaller quakes. It triggered a tsunami that left about 1,000 homeless.

Source:Xinhua
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