Nepali police forge ahead to curb cyber crime

10:10, January 25, 2010      

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by Binju Sitaula

Five years later, moving a step ahead to materialize existing laws, Nepali Police have instituted Communication, Information and Technology (CIT) Crime Cell to curb cyber crimes in the country.

It has been not more than 45 days that CIT Crime Cell was instituted by Metropolitan Police Crime Division (MPCD) under Pillar 5 section in the capital Kathmandu.

"There are different working Pillars in MPCD that are created for work convenience of Nepal Police, and Pillar 5 was especially created for Information and Technology (IT) related crimes under which CIT Crime Cell comes," according to Senior Superintend of Police (SSP) Rana Bahadur Chand.

To nullify the hues of cyber crime in Nepal, Electronic Transaction Act-2006 (ETA) was approved by House on Dec. 4, 2006.

Standing on the strength of ETA, Nepali Police took an inception of CIT Crime Cell, which comprises IT police, experts and Cyber Forensic Lab (PHQ) Inspector. Gautam Kumar K.C., spokesperson of MPCD told Xinhua on Sunday.

However, these have turned inadequate for their investigative operations. Terming existing ETA an incomplete law, Baburam Aryal, an advocate associated to Informative Law Association said that the law have much confusion and is an inadequate to curb whole IT crimes.

"ETA 2006 does not define what cyber crime is exactly rather it only illustrates some acts as offensive and provides some penal provisions," said Aryal, adding that some acts are prohibited and if such acts are committed then culprit will be penalized.

However, he highlighted the positive aspect of Nepal's cyber law which has extra jurisdiction territory based on which any actions committed from outside world comes under the preview of this Act.

Terming the formation of CIT Crime Cell a positive attempt, Aryal said, "CIT officials need updated technical knowledge and trainings to cope with digital advancement."

In contrast to the Aryal's statement, K.C. said, "At present, Police are only an authentic investigation institution that possesses ability of investigation. There is no other alternative of this institution."

Seeking collective support from all, he said the Ministry of Home Affairs should provide police with technical resources and IT manpower so that they will be able to curb electronic crime effectively

At present, the Cell has been operating under Inspector command with limited technologies and manpower strength, nevertheless, Cell has proposed 15 IT personnel for its operation, according to K.C.

Cyber crimes committed in Nepal involves educated young group of people. Most of the cyber crimes reported in MPCD are related to webpage hacking, email ID password hacking, email threats, data theft, among others.

Moreover, Inspector Chandra Singh Dhami, IT officer at MPCD said that Police is still in a phase of creating public awareness who think there is no cyber law in Nepal. In this regard, he claimed that a recent IT exhibition called "Info-Tech-2011" has become to raise public awareness about cyber crime, cyber law and CIT Crime Cell in Nepal.

Urging general public to cooperate police, Inspector Dhami asked cyber caf operators to operate business without violating Nepal Telecom Authority law and requested other e-criminals not to commit any cyber crime.

Meanwhile, emphasizing the flaws in technologies and knowledge available in CIT Cell, Dhami said, "Everyday there is advancement in IT sectors, we also need to be updated ourselves to track IT crimes, we need trainings, latest technical infrastructures."

He added that Nepal's cyber law also needs to be amended and updated as technology is developing rapidly.

Source: Xinhua
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