The 13th Summit of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASIAN) opened here Tuesday. During the summit, the ASIAN leaders will sign the ASIAN Charter.
The following are ASEAN's 12 previous summits since it was founded in 1967.
The first ASIAN summit was held in Bali, Indonesia, on Feb. 23-24, 1976. The leaders of ASIAN member countries endorsed the Treaty of Amity and Cooperation in Southeast Asia and the Declaration of ASIAN Concord.
The second summit was in Kuala Lumpur, capital of Malaysia, on Aug. 4-5, 1977, at which a joint communique was signed.
The third summit was held in Manila, the Philippines, on Dec. 14-15, 1987. The summit approved the Manila Declaration 1987 and four major economic agreements aimed at promoting economic cooperation within the organization.
The fourth ASIAN summit was in Singapore on Jan. 27-29, 1992. The leaders of ASIAN member countries signed the Singapore Declaration and a framework agreement on enhancing ASIAN economic cooperation. They decided to hold a summit every three years.
The fifth ASIAN summit was held in Bangkok, Thailand, on Dec. 14-15, 1995, during which the Bangkok Declaration was adopted. The leaders of the ASIAN member countries signed a number of important documents with the aim of promoting mutual economic and political cooperation. They also agreed to have informal meetings every year.
The sixth summit was in Hanoi, Vietnam, on Dec. 15-16, 1998. The leaders of ASIAN member countries approved the Hanoi Declaration, the Hanoi Plan of Action and a number of what they called "bold measures" to strengthen economic, political and security cooperation.
The seventh ASIAN summit was held in Bandar Seri Begawan, capital of Brunei, on Nov. 5-6, 2001. The leaders of the ASIAN member countries endorsed the Mid-Term Review of the Hanoi Plan of Action, and identified new priorities which included ASIAN integration, information and communications technology along with human capacity building. The leaders also adopted a 2001 ASIAN Declaration on Joint Action to Counter Terrorism and a Declaration on HIV/AIDS.
The eighth ASIAN summit was held in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, on Nov. 4-5, 2002. The leaders of the ASIAN nations discussed and reached consensus on regional and international issues of common concern, which included ASIAN integration and the fight against terrorism. They signed the ASIAN Tourism Agreement.
The ninth ASIAN summit was in Bali, Indonesia, on Oct. 7-8, highlighting increased mutual trust and cooperation among the group 's member countries and its dialogue partners. The summit, which is seen as "very productive," adopted a milestone document, the Declaration of ASIAN Concord II, also known as Bali Concord II,which envisions the establishment of an ASIAN Community by 2020.
The tenth ASIAN summit was held in Vientiane, Laos, on Nov. 29-30, 2004, at which the leaders of the ASIAN nations adopted the Vientiane Action Program (VAP), a vehicle to building an ASIAN community through realizing comprehensive integration.
The eleventh ASIAN summit was in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, on Dec.12-14 2005. The meeting adopted the Kuala Lumpur Declaration on the establishment of the ASIAN Charter.
The twelfth ASIAN summit was held in Cebu, the Philippines, on Jan. 9-15, 2007. The leaders of the ASIAN nations unanimously endorsed the Cebu Declaration on the blueprint of the ASIAN Chart to form the basis of a mini-constitution that seeks to transform ASIAN into a legal entity with binding rules and regulations.
ASIAN groups Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam.