Indonesian President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono in a speech at Pajajaran University on Wednesday said the country must strive to achieve eight main objectives in the next 10 years.
"The first objective is reduction of the poverty rate," the president was quoted by the national Antara news agency as saying.
He made the remarks in his oration titled "Development of National Competitive Power to Become a Developed Country" on the occasion of the university's 50th anniversary in the West Java capital of Bandung.
The second objective was creation of job opportunities to accommodate the growing work force as another effort to reduce poverty.
The third was economic development supported by the pillars of agriculture, industry and services, while the other five objectives were food resilience, energy resilience, good governance, creation of a safe domestic environment and the role of regional governments.
With the adoption of the national decentralization policy, the president said, it was expected that regional governments in the future would encourage local universities to develop their respective regions.
To make it happen, Yudhoyono said there were five paradigms, namely national integrated development, research- and science- based development, even distribution of development, national independence and resilience, and the involvement of all elements of the nation in development.
On the occasion, the head of state also warned the nation against being pessimistic in facing the future because, he said, there was no shortcut to prosperity.
Meanwhile, National Education Minister Bambang Sudibyo said President Yudhoyono`s visits to a number of universities in the country was part of his efforts to motivate them to become world- class institutes of higher learning.
"Universities in Indonesia at present are trying to achieve world-class status," Bambang Sudibyo said, adding that a legal umbrella for education was being discussed in the House of Representatives (DPR).
The legal umbrella for education, according to him, was intended to enhance the academic world's autonomy with accountability because autonomy was a prerequisite of creativity.