Cuba's Foreign Ministry on Tuesday called on the United States to implement the 1994 migration accord in a "rigorous and professional" manner.
The ministry said in a statement that during the period from Oct. 1, 2006 to June 30, 2007, the U.S. Interests Office had issued only 10,724 visas to Cuban citizens, 53 percent of the annual minimum of the 20,000 agreed in 1994.
If this trend continues, the U.S. government will break a fundamental obligation of the accord, the Cuban Foreign Ministry said.
"Breaking the condition will be a serious and unjustifiable violation of the accord and would be a gift designed to please our bitterest enemies: the Cuban American mafia and their representatives in Congress," the statement said.
The move is allegedly designed to encourage illegal immigration already enshrined in the Cuban Adjustment Act adopted by the U.S. Congress in 1966, better known as the "wet-foot, dry-foot" policy. Under the law, Cubans can apply for residence if they reach the U.S., but will be deported if they are caught at sea.
"Does this failure have to do with the expressed desire of U.S. President George W. Bush to see the death of our commander in chief, Fidel Castro, and his preference for forcing changes on Cuba?" the statement asked.
The ministry said that Washington is completely responsible for the failure to fulfill the commitment. It also demanded that the White House cease using migration for political ends and halt its incessant psychological and propaganda war against Cuba.