Nobel Peace Prize goes astray politically

16:01, October 18, 2010      

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A few days ago, the Norwegian Nobel Committee decided to award this year's Peace Prize to Liu Xiaobo, an inmate who had been sentenced to 11 years in prison and two years'deprivation of political rights by Chinese judicial authorities for breaching China's laws.

This disregard of Chinese laws and a gross interference in China's internal affairs made some Western scholars immediately question the reasonableness of the composition of the Nobel Committee, the faithful execution of the prize founder's behest and the independence of the Committee's actual operation, and enabled Chinese people see more clearly that the Nobel Peace Prize is an award that has been led astray politically.

In his 1895 will, Alfred Nobel stipulated that the Peace Prize should go"to the person who shall have done most for the best work for fraternity between nations, for the abolition or reduction of standing armies and the holding and promotion of peace congress."

In other words, Alfred Nobel listed in his behest three criteria for the Peace Prize winners over 100 years ago: The prize winners should promote fraternity between nations, the ethnical harmony and promote disarmament, and make the utmost efforts or the greatest contributions for the convocation of peace congresses. These criteria as an integral whole reflect Mr. Nobel's desire for world peace. In the Peace Prize medal, is engraved with the words"peace and friendship to All Nations".

However, the controversy inflicted by the Nobel Peace Prize has continued in the past century and particularly over recent decades, and the Peace prize been subjected to more and more questions and criticisms as the Nobel Committee has stuffed their political views into the award criteria so the award has deviated from the Prize founder Nobel's will.

In the past 21 years, the Nobel Committee has awarded its Peace Prize to two Chinese, one is the Dalai Lama, and the other is dissident Liu Xiaobo. The former is a separatist bent on undermining ethnical unity and to split China, and the latter is an offender held in custody for inciting the subversion of state power. What the two have been doing has nothing to do with any criteria of the award. "China should be a colony for another three hundred years," and "China should be divided into eighteen countries", Liu preached, and he is definitely not a peace fighter or the "person who has done most for the best work"for peace but an out-and-out offender engaged in criminal incitement to subvert state power for a long time.

Alfred Nobel in his will asked the Norwegian parliament to form the Committee of Five appointed by the Storting or the Norwegian Parliament members of the Norwegian Nobel Committee to take responsibility for selecting and awarding the Peace Prize. The Norwegian Parliament has paid more heeds to the reputation of the Prize, and it gives consideration to all political parties so the seats are distributed among the five major political parties in Parliament with a seat for each of them, and to be taken by five veteran politicians. This distribution of seats has in fact made the Nobel Peace Prize a "Norwegian Parliament Award."

Apparently, the Nobel Committee members have an obvious hallmark, with most members as being veteran politicians in Norwegian politics; their ideas and values shaped in the East-West confrontation during the cold war era have profound, in-depth prejudices against changes in the present world pattern and get used to observing the world with their tinted political glasses. The Nobel Committee composed of such a team is sure to have a strong ideological"color"when determining on the Peace Prize.

As its name indicates, the Nobel Peace Prize is awarded to those who promote peace. However, the committee awarded it 21 years ago to the Dalai Lama, who strove to separate China and disrupt ethnic harmony, and its Chairman then made no secret but said frankly that the awarding was intented to influence China. It was the same confession at the prize award to offender Liu Xiaobo this year. In the past two years or so, a few Western politicians, experts and non-government organizations hostile to China have worked very hard and energetically to influence the Norwegian Nobel Committee, and several Nobel Prize Committee members were quite aware of their own "responsibilities"with much ensuing echoing and coordinations to each other in perfect unison from afar.

A political commentator of Russia's Ria Novosti News Agency said in a recently-published article that the Nobel Peace Prize has always been extremely politicized."In the past few decades, the Committee's sympathies have been with the United States-NATO-Western Europe camp,"said Nikolai Troitsky.

Many people in the world believe that the Committee had compromised its independent status and violated Nobel's last wishes, according to Troitsky, and he also noted that the awarding of the 2010 Peace Prize to Liu fit in with the Nobel Committee's trans-Atlantic strategy. Just look at shows of some Western political figures at the issue of the Nobel Peace Prize, people can see how they are amazingly consistent on the issue of "influencing China"

Selection of laureates for the Nobel Peace Prize should have been a serious business. Unfortunately, the Nobel Peace Prize has been turned into a tool of some Western politicians again and again, and it has been led astray farther and farther away on a wrong political path because the Nobel Prize does not have the independence in the actual operation.

By People's Daily Online and its author is PD desk editor Zhong Sheng


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