China granted aid to 120 countries in 60 years

17:06, August 12, 2010      

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This year marks the 60th anniversary of the launch of foreign aid by the People's Republic of China.

In the framework of the South-South cooperation, China has provided its financial and technical assistance to other developing countries to enhance their self-development ability, intensify bilateral friendly and cooperative relationships, promote South-South cooperation and make contributions to the common development of human society, according to China News Services on Thursday.

As of the end of 2009, China has provided economic and technical aid for more than 120 countries and made monetary donations to more than 30 international and regional organizations, according to an official with the foreign aid division of the Ministry of Commerce.

China's foreign aid activates include the following areas:

Project establishment is the main means of foreign aid. By free aid, interest-free loans and concessionary loans, China has helped the recipient countries to set up over 2,100 projects related to local production and life.

Technical cooperation is the key way to help the recipient countries to improve their self-dependence abilities. China attaches great importance to technical teaching and transfer. After the projects are handed over to the recipients, China will send experts to give them instruction about the projects and train their technical workers and management staff to ensure the normal operation and sustainable development of the projects.

According to the requirements and needs of the recipient countries, China has provided various materials and equipments, such as office supplies, foods, drugs, machinery, medical equipment and transportation facilities.

China attaches great important to personnel training in developing countries. Since the 1950s, China has provided government scholarships to foreign students from other developing countries and trained personnel for them. As of the end of 2009, more than 70,000 students have received China's government scholarships and some 12,000 people have received training covering more than 20 areas and 150 disciplines such as economy, management, agriculture, medical health and education.

China has provided interest-free loans to the recipient countries. When they have difficulties in repaying the loans to mature, the Chinese government generally extended their repayment period based on their request and has never put pressure on them. In order to further reduce the burden of poor countries, China has announced debt amnesty of heavily indebted poor countries and the least developed countries. As of now, China has signed debt-free protocols with 50 countries and canceled a total of 380 debts.

Over the years, China, through bilateral and multilateral channels, has provided timely and effective emergency humanitarian assistance to countries hit by natural disasters for many years. Since China set up mechanisms for emergency humanitarian assistance to foreign countries in 2004, the rescue operations are more quick and effective. After the Indian Ocean tsunami in December 2004, China provided various forms of aid to the affected countries, totaling nearly 700 million yuan. In the last six years, he Chinese government has carried out around 200 emergency foreign relief operations.

At present, China has dispatched 21,000 medical staff to 69 developing countries and regions since China dispatched its first medical team in 1963 and nearly 900 medial staff have received honors from the host president. Now, 54 medial teams and some 1,300 medial staff are providing services in 48 developing countries.

As of the end of 2009, China has sent 8,000 Chinese volunteers to teach Mandarin in more than 70 countries since 2004. And as of the end of 2009, China has dispatched a total of 405 foreign aid youth volunteers to 19 developing countries and provided services including Chinese language teaching, traditional Chinese medicine, agricultural science and technology, sports training, computer and international relief.

When providing assistance, China fully respected the recipient countries' sovereignty and wishes, did not interfere with their internal affairs, did not seek any political privileges, sincerely helped them to improve their self-independent capacity and won recognition and high appraisal from them.

By Liang Jun, People's Daily Online


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