Backgrounder: Key facts about DPRK

08:59, October 05, 2009      

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Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao started a three-day visit to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) on Sunday. The following are some key facts about the DPRK.

The DPRK lies on the northern half of the Korean Peninsula and has an area of 123,000 square km with a population of over 22 million.

It borders China to the north, Russia to the northeast and South Korea to the south.

About 80 percent of its territory is mountainous or hilly areas and the country boasts many beautiful landscapes. The capital city is Pyongyang.

The Korean people had endured misery and hardship in the past. In 1894, Japan invaded the Korean Peninsula and occupied the peninsula from 1910 to 1945. Korea was liberated from Japan's colonial rule after World War II.

On Sept. 9, 1948, the founding of the DPRK was proclaimed.

In 1950, the United States sent troops to the DPRK, which wrecked havoc on the new-born country and left it in a state of devastation.

After the outbreak of the Korean War, the Chinese People's Volunteers and the army and people of the DPRK fought side by side against U.S. aggression and finally won a victory.

After the war ended in 1953, the DPRK people started rebuilding their country under the leadership of the Workers' Party of Korea.

The hardworking people of the DPRK have made remarkable achievements in various fields such as industry, agriculture, national defense, science and technology, culture and education.

Since the beginning of the 21st century, the DPRK government has called on its people to concentrate their efforts on developing the national economy.

The DPRK and China established diplomatic ties on Oct. 6, 1949, and the two countries have enjoyed a very friendly relationship. The recent years have seen a further progress of their ties with frequent exchanges of high-level visits. Their two-way trade volume stood at 2.793 billion U.S. dollars in 2008, a rise of 41.3percent compared with the previous

Source: Xinhua
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