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China resolves issue with Sino-Myanmar border inhabitants
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15:48, August 31, 2009

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Thousands of Myanmar residents flooded into China after Myanmar army standoff on August 26, and crossed into Yunnan province, southwest China, to escape fighting. And the Yunnan provincial government have helped them to settle down in seven settlements with supply of life necessities and medical care as human assistance in an effort to safeguard bilateral friendly ties and maintain stability in the border areas.

At present, the situation in Myanmar's Konkan region, or Shan State special Region-1 in the northeastern part of the country, has returned to normalcy, and some border inhabitants, who fled the fighting into China's Yunnan province, start to return to their homes, announced a related Yunnan provincial department on Sunday, August 30.

The Konkan region shares a border in northeastern Myanmar with China's southwestern Yunnan province and has a population of about 150,000, and fighting kept on in this Myanmar ethnic region.

To date, about 37,000 border inhabitants comprising both Burmese and Chinese had fled into China after armed conflicts erupted in the Konkan area in northeastern Myanmar, said Meng Sutie, police chief of Yunnan Province on Sunday. One Chinese citizen was killed and two others injured by three shells that were fired into the Chinese territory.

Meanwhile, Meng acknowledged, the conflicts in Myanmar have also killed a Chinese and injured 13 others in that country… Myanmar had apologized for the Chinese casualties for the Chinese side made a stern representation, he said.

At present, more than 13,000 of the 37,000 border inhabitants fleeing into China havee accepted aids from the Chinese government, while others have gone and live with their relatives and friends. Some of those Chinese border hinhabitants doing business or seasonal jobs at the Konkan region have already returned their homes.

To cope with the exodus of border inhabitants fleeing into Yunnan border areas, the governments of Lincang city and Yunnan province have resorted to varied viable measures, including the location of seven settlements on the frontier region, the provision of thousands of tents for inflooded people, and the allocation of 10 million yuan (1.47 million US dollars) as relief founds for settling border inhabitants, so as to ensure that they would obtain proper humanitarian aid.

After the outbreak of the incident, Chinese Party and government leaders have paid close attention to the development of the thorny issue and repeatedly publicized important directions for its settlement. Yunnan province has, in addition to taking other viable, prompt measures, enhanced the management or control of frontier areas, stepped up epidemic monitoring and made active medical preparations for any possible emergences, so as to help guarantee the normal production and living orders in the frontier areas.

Hostilities had practically come to a halt on the early evening of last Saturday, or August 29, Meng recalled. The Chinese side had lodged a stern representation with the Myanmar side via diplomatic channels on the life and property damage and economic losses inflicted upon Chinese citizens in the Konkan region, in a hope that Myanmar will safeguard the life and property security of Chinese citizens in Myanmar and the relevant Myanmar department will make the commitment in this regard.

It has been learned that border inhabitants have to go through entry formalities upon their entry into China and, as for a few, scattered Myanmar armed personnel who have entered China, the Chinese side seized their arms, took them in and would repatriate them at an appropriate time in accordance with the International Law and other relevant practices.

At present, a large number of border inhabitants have begun returning from China as the situation in the Konkan region calms down. It is reported that the Konkan region has now regained stability, and the Konkan ethnic people who have returned to their homes are being accepted back after scrutiny, whereas the production and living conditions for border inhabitants inside China have become normal on the whole.

China sincerely hopes that Myanmar would appropriately resolve its domestic problems and maintain the stability of the China-Myanmar border region in the border area and effectively assure the security of life and property of Chinese border inhabitants, proceeding from the overall situation of Sino-Myanmar friendly relations, said Yunnan provincial police chief Meng Sutie.

By People's Daily Online and contributed by PD reporters Wang Yan, Yang Yueping and Wu Xiaoyang

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