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Number of trade friction cases involving China rises by 26.7% in first four months
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20:45, May 20, 2009

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According to China's Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM), during the first four months of this year, a total of 13 countries and regions have launched 24 anti-dumping investigations, 2 countervailing investigations, 7 safeguard investigations and 5 special safeguard investigations against China, up 26.7 percent year-on-year in terms of the total number of cases.

In April, the US initiated the special safeguard investigation into Chinese-made tires for passenger vehicles and light duty trucks as well as the combined anti-dumping and countervailing investigations into Chinese-made oil well tubing and tire products. These two cases involving enormous value have drawn close attention from both the Chinese government and relevant industries.

Presently, in order to foster and protect the development of domestic industries amid the financial crisis, and prevent the trade diversion caused by the shrinking international market, a lot of countries have adopted various sorts of trade protectionist measures. First of all, they have aggressively taken trade remedy measures that are permitted by World Trade Organization (WTO) rules, including anti-dumping, countervailing, safeguard and special safeguard measures. Secondly, they have used the traditional means of tariff and non-tariff barriers. For example, some countries have taken measures such as raising import tariffs, prohibiting or restricting imports, or setting up technical trade barriers. Some countries even submitted articles in their stimulus packages to give priority to the purchase of domestically-made products. Since China is the world's third largest trading entity and second biggest export country, it has become the key target of international trade frictions.

Recently, China has made remarkable achievements in coping with trade protectionism. After China's successful response, the EU recently terminated two anti-dumping investigations on zinc coating plates and cold rolled stainless steel sheets. Through exchange and negotiations, India terminated the special safeguard investigation into Chinese-made nylon cord. China has also properly handled a special safeguard case relating to Turkey. As for breaking through the barriers to trade, in local US courts, China has recently prevailed in the litigation cases concerning Chinese-made sucralose and the Section 337 investigations on battery products.

By People's Daily Online


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