Highlights of China's sixth national census results

10:12, May 03, 2011      

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China has put its excessive population growth under effective control, and has greatly improved the population quality, entering a stage of low birth and death rates, according to the results of the country's sixth national census published on April 28.

Excessive population growth under control

Ma Jiantang, director of the National Bureau of Statistics, said that according to the census data, China's population increased by 73.9 million or nearly 6 percent from 2000 to 2010, representing an average growth rate of nearly 0.6 percent per year. However, its population increased by 130 million or nearly 11 percent from 1990 to 2000, representing an average growth rate of more than 1 percent per year.

The net population growth over the 2000-2010 decade stood at 56 million people less that of the previous decade.

This shows that China's family planning policy has been effectively implemented, and the excessive population growth has been brought under control. The slower growth rate has reduced the population pressure on the environment, and laid a solid foundation for the rapid yet steady economic and social development.

Steady decline in illiteracy rate

China's population quality has greatly improved, which is partially manifested in the steady decline of the illiteracy rate.

China's illiteracy rate dropped to 4 percent in 2010 from nearly 7 percent in 2000. At the same time, the number of college graduates for every 100,000 people rose to 8,930 from 3,611. These achievements should be attributed to the nationwide implementation of the nine-year compulsory education system and various measures for promoting higher education and eliminating adult illiteracy.

China's urbanization increasing

China is becoming increasingly urbanized, according to data concerning the demographic structure.

The census data shows that China's urban population has reached 666 million, accounting for nearly 50 percent of the total population, an increase of nearly 14 percentage points from 2000. In comparison, the percentage of the urban population rose by only 10 percentage points from 1990 to 2000.

This shows that China has accelerated its urbanization process in the past 10 years, and has achieved steady progress in promoting industrialization and modernization.

Eastern China's population proportion increase reflects China's growing economic vitality

Concerning the geographical distribution of China's population, the population of eastern China currently accounts for nearly 38 percent of the total permanent resident population in 31 provinces, regions and cities, while the population of central China accounts for nearly 27 percent, the population of western China accounts for more than 27 percent, and the population of northeastern China accounts for more than 8 percent.

The population proportion of eastern China increased more than 2 percent compared with 2000 while the population proportion of central, western and northeastern China showed a decline. The population proportion of western China showed a significant decline of more than 1 percentage point, the population proportion of central China also declined more than 1 percent, and the population proportion of northeastern China declined more than 0.2 percent.

In regards to the permanent resident population, the top-five provinces are Guangdong, Shandong, Henan, Sichuan and Jiangsu while according to the population census of 2000, the top five provinces were Henan, Shandong, Guangdong, Sichuan and Jiangsu.

By People's Daily Online

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