SASS: Chinese students mentally healthier than Asian peers

15:09, April 19, 2011      

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Compared with their counterparts in Japan and South Korea, Chinese high school students sleep the longest on average, suffer the lowest psychological pressure and have the greatest self-confidence, according to a comparative survey report on the mental health status of high school students in China, Japan and South Korea issued by Shanghai Academy of Social Science (SASS )last week.

Chinese high school students have highest average height

The SASS's survey adopted questionnaire method, and the respondents were students from grade one to grade three in high schools and secondary professional schools. A total of 1,280 Chinese students, 1,113 Japanese students and 3,933 South Korean students filled out the questionnaires. In addition, the boy-girl ratio is close to 1:1.

The survey shows Chinese high school students have the highest average height of 168.17 centimeters, followed by South Korea students, with an average height of 167.61 centimeters. Japanese students' average height is 164.70 centimeters.

The survey also shows the percentages of students asking for sick leave from high to low are 71.6 percent in South Korea, 53.1 percent in Japan and 45.4 percent in China. However, the percentages of students who think they "have poor health" or "have not very good health" are 25.9 percent in China, 19.6 percent in South Korea and 19.3 percent in Japan.

Chinese students' main pressure is caused by academic record.

The pressure of Japanese students and South Korean students is higher than that of Chinese students. Regarding the average sleeping time every day, 30 percent of Chinese high school students sleep less than 6 hours, the ratio is 46.6 percent in Japan and 57.9 percent in South Korea, which indicates that high school students in South Korea have the least sleeping time.

As for mental pressure, statistics show the ratios of high school students with frequent mental pressure in China, Japan and South Korea are 16 percent, 32 percent and 47 percent, respectively.

"Academic record" accounting for 62.2 percent of respondents answers, "where they should go after graduation," accounting for 35.4 percent, and "interpersonal relationships," accounting for 28 percent, are three main pressure sources for Chinese high school students, while their most commonly used way to ease pressures is to play games alone, to listen to the music or to sleep.

The main pressure sources for high school students in Japan and South Korea include "study," "relationship with parents" and "Since most of the high school students in my county are an only child, we get much more concern from parents."

Chinese students have high self-evaluation in mentality

"Negative emotion" refers to depression, anxiety and anger. The survey finds that the negative emotion of high school students in China and Japan is obviously higher than their fellows in South Korea. However, the high school students of the three countries have the same emotion structure, which is depression is ranked first, anxiety next and anger last.

Moreover, the survey measured high school students' sense of worth by index such as "I think I am valuable" and "I think I am successful." It also measured high school students' self-confidence by index such as "I can complete many things" as well as measured high school students' will by index such as "I will not lose heart when I come up against difficulties."

As a result, Chinese students' self-evaluation on sense of worth, self-confidence and will is higher than their fellows in Japan and South Korea.

Considering the results of the comparative survey, Yang Xiong, an expert from SASS pointed out that Chinese high school students still have many problems, such as 30 percent of them sleep fewer than six hours every day, they have worst physical quality and they have the lowest self health evaluation.

Yang urged all sectors of society to pay attention to their responsibility to those students. Unbalanced stress on students' academic record will deprive them of time to do sports.

By Ye Xin, People's Daily Online
 
 
     
 
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