Expert: China's urbanization taxing on resources, environment

16:57, January 05, 2011      

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Compared to the relatively high level of industrialization, the urbanization level in China still lagged far behind, said Liu Zhifeng, chairman of the China Real Estate Research Association recently.

Liu said the acceleration of urbanization in China has gradually highlighted problems as the process continues to pick up steam.

The consumption of massive amounts of steel materials, cement, glass and chemical materials in the process of rapid economic and urban development has exerted great pressure on urban resources and the environment.

Meanwhile, urban public facilities were facing greater challenges. Due to rapid urbanization, nearly 400 cities out of 655 cities in China were short of water, and water shortages in 200 cities were serious. About one-third of cities and towns were blocked up during rush hours in traffic linking areas.

Moreover, urban construction has been seriously over-reliant on land acquisition. Some cities excessively requisitioned land, including arable lands, with no standardized operations and defective supporting policies, resulting in the loss of social security for farmers.

In addition, urban development and constructions methods were lagging behind. Standards and qualities of housing construction were low.

The chairman said that the carrying capacity of China's urban ecological environment will be improved only if development mode was shifted, land and resources conflicts between urban and rural areas were solved, and a conservative and intensive urbanization development mode was promoted.

By Li Mu, People's Daily Online


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