China strengthens global criminal justice efforts

17:10, November 08, 2010      

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In order to better combat corrupt officials who flee overseas and to deal with the growing internationalization of corruption, China has greatly strengthened cooperation with the judicial institutions of other countries and with the International Criminal Police Organization (Interpol) in recent years.

China's procuratorates are making more and more extradition requests, and Interpol has issued a number of red wanted notices at the request of China. These efforts have brought about encouraging results. China has successfully extradited some corruption suspects and recovered considerable assets in recent years.

Yu Zhendong, former governor of the Kaiping City branch of the Bank of China, embezzled 483 million U.S. dollars of public funds with his accomplices and then fled to the United States. Since there is no extradition treaty between the two countries, China asked for compulsory repatriation instead, and actively assisted the United States in collecting evidence.

Ultimately, Yu and his accomplices were repatriated, which is a classic case of transnational judicial cooperation. In addition, Chinese witnesses testified for the U.S. court of law through live synchronous video connections in the trial process, which provided a good template for future cross-border evidence gathering.

After Chen Manxiong, former general manager of the Zhongshan Municipal Industrial Development Corporation in southern China's Guangdong Province, embezzled 700 million yuan together with his wife and fled to Thailand, China sent an extradition request to Thailand under the China-Thailand Extradition Treaty. Thailand eventually extradited the couple to China under the clause of temporary extradition in the treaty.

Meanwhile, China has also provided great assistance to foreign countries in combating transnational corruption. When the U.S. government requested China help arrest Gu Jiazhen, an American citizen who was charged with bribing public officials and other crimes, China successfully caught and repatriated him to the United States, lifting China-U.S. law enforcement cooperation to a new level.

China has also formulated and revised relevant laws to further improve the net of justice regarding anti-corruption crimes in China, and the intensity of the punishments is more in line with international standards.

For example, China formulated a money-laundering law to establish systems such as customer identification and reports on large and suspicious transactions. This system identified the illegal gains through corruption, bribery and financial crimes as the major monitoring objects of money-laundering laws. The Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate also released the "Suggestions on Related Laws of Dealing with Bribery Cases" to formulate 10 new types of criminal behaviors or crimes that have been difficult to prove in the past, such as bribery.

Incomplete statistics show that the Chinese government signed and participated in more than 100 multilateral international conventions including the U.N. Convention Against Corruption and signed a total of 47 bilateral treaties of mutual assistance in criminal justice with foreign countries, including the treaty of transferring sentenced persons, as well as extradition treaties with 33 countries.

By People's Daily Online


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