China faces water deficit (2)

08:44, April 27, 2010      

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Water-intensive industrial sectors, such as thermal power, textiles, paper, iron and steel, have the most potential for water conservation, Joerss said.

"China already has a very high standard on energy efficiency, for example in the iron and steel industry, but the country should also emphasize water-efficient technologies in the future five-year plans."

China is suffering a severe water scarcity as its population of 1.3 billion - one-fifth of the world's total - relies on only 7 percent of the global freshwater resources.

Right now, water pollution and scarcity is costing China 2.3 percent of its gross domestic product every year, according to the report.

The study also found that eight out of 10 of China's water basins could face acute supply shortages by 2030, with the worst in Haihe river basin in North China.

Groundwater in North China is already overexploited by 120 billion cu m, Xiaoxiang Morning News reported last week, citing earlier official statements.

Source: China Daily
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