China on Thursday revealed detailed evidence behind the conviction and execution of two Chinese men who spied for Taiwan and stole missile secrets.
A cover story published in Global Times, owned by the People's Daily, quoted an exclusive and reliable source that Wo Weihan, who was executed last Friday after being convicted of leaking Chinese strategic missile data to Taiwan intelligence, had brought about an "extraordinary loss to national security".
Although not identifying the source, the story said 60-year-old Wo was recruited by Taiwan intelligence agencies in Germany in October 1989 during a five-year government paid study for doctoral degree in Munich.
Wo neither came back to China nor continued his medical research after graduation, but started to develop his assets in the Chinese mainland and collect political, economic and military secrets under the cover of a businessman shuttling between Europe and China.
From the early 1990s to early this century, Wo acquired Chinese military secrets with Taiwan intelligence agencies' financial aid, including information on the People's Liberation Army's night combat equipment.
The story also said the Wohua Biological Technology Company Ltd. that Wo registered in Beijing, and his title "company's chief scientist", were actually covers for his espionage.
SUBORNING MAINLAND MILITARY EXPERT
The mainland authorities revealed another major criminal in Wo's case. Guo Wanjun, a 66-year-old mainland missile expert who was engaged in the PLA's strategic missile designing work. He was convicted for leaking secrets to overseas organs and also executed last Friday.
The story elaborated the process of Wo's early contact with Guo Wanjun in the early 1990s and said the missile expert, identified by Taiwan intelligence agencies as a major target, was persuaded by Wo to betray secrets for money.
Guo later started to supply strategic missile information to Wo, knowing that Wo worked for overseas intelligence agencies.
Wo delivered secrets to Taiwan intelligence agencies in Europe,and a senior Taiwan intelligence official also met Wo there and told him the United States was greatly concerned about the missile information.
The newspaper's story revealed that Guo Wanjun had provided seven military top secrets about strategic missiles to Wo, who received at least 40 million U.S. dollars from Taiwan intelligence agencies as bonus by early 2005, before both were arrested.
According to Wo's confession, the Taiwan intelligence agencies established a special analysis group working on his secret information.
VERDICT THROUGH FAIR TRIAL
The mainland authorities had investigated, detained and inquired Wo and Guo in accordance with Chinese laws, said the paper. It added that the court did not hold open trials because of national security concerns.
During the detainment, both suspects had hired lawyers to defend their rights. Wo Weihan also received timely and effective hospitalization for his old illness and was bailed pending trial in Beijing for several months.
However, the source, which preferred not to identified, refused to give details of either the lawyers or of Wo's illness.
Both Wo and Guo appealed to a higher court, pleading their innocence after being sentenced to death by Beijing Second Intermediate People's Court on May 24 last year and their appeals were refused by Beijing High People's Court on January 29.
"Their criminal acts are clear and the proofs are accurate and adequate," the court was quoted as saying.
Wo and Guo were executed on November 28 for convictions of espionage and illegally leaking national secrets to overseas organs respectively, and Wo's wife and younger daughter were allowed to visit him the day before the execution.
China's spokesman with Foreign Affairs Ministry Qin Gang has said Wo was Chinese and would not be exempt from Chinese laws because of his wife and daughter's Austrian citizenship.
The spokesman insisted that Wo's trial had been fair and procedural rights had been protected.
Wo's case has aroused condemnation from foreign parties after his death verdict was approved by the Supreme Court. The European Union issued a statement condemning Wo's execution, saying the procedure of his trial did not meet with international standards.
Spokesman Qin Gang rejected the EU's criticism and said it was "a rude interference in China's judiciary that tramples the spirit of the rule of law and undermines the basis of the healthy development of bilateral talks on human rights."