Reasons behind China's CPC successes

08:27, July 01, 2011      

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Professor Xie Chuntao raises many eyebrows when he touches on certain topics, including why the Communist Party of China (CPC) remains popular despite making "several serious mistakes". The deputy director of the Party history division of the Party School of the CPC Central Committee also explores issues such as why the CPC has not lost power like its counterparts in the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe.

He asks these questions in the latest national best-seller - Why and How the CPC Works in China.

The book was published in March, ahead of the 90th anniversary of the CPC that falls on Friday.


Xie Chuntao talks about the history of the CPC. (China Daily Photo)

"It is natural that the 90th anniversary is celebrated with a show of achievements, that's why some people are 'stunned' that the book somewhat highlights the mistakes the Party made," Xie, who has studied the history of the Party for almost three decades, told China Daily.

"I don't think talking about the Party's errors will tarnish its image. Rather, it shows that the Party is straightforward and objective in its history," Xie, who compiled the book, said.

His work is one of the "red" books - publications about the communist revolution and socialist construction, which are taking up eye-catching slots on the shelves of bookstores across the country.

Sales of the 48-year-old professor's book outstripped most of the "red" books, with at least 200,000 copies sold since it was published, says Zhang Hai'ou, deputy editor-in-chief of New World Press, which published the book and is preparing an expanded edition as well as an English version of the book.

Xie writes that in the 20 years between 1957 and 1976, when leftist ideology was enforced, there had been almost no wage increases for workers and one out of four Chinese people often suffered from hunger. It was the period when the "Great Leap Forward" (1958-1960) and the turbulent "cultural revolution" (1966-1976) occurred.

In retrospect, the top CPC leaders then were pushing those movements out of "good motives" and "good will" amid complicated domestic and international situations, Xie writes.

The "Great Leap Forward" came about largely because, faced with oppressive pressure from the world powers, Chairman Mao Zedong believed China would risk being "dismissed from the earth" if it did not reverse its backwardness rapidly, the book reads.

In the same way, Mao had intended to build an ideal socialist society by starting a sweeping "cultural revolution", Xie writes.

"Good intentions, however, failed to yield good results; they were followed by wrong methods and actions," Xie said.

But even in those tumultuous years, the CPC was leading the way with economic and diplomatic changes that had long-lasting implications.

The country successfully tested its first atomic bomb in 1964, ended its dependence on oil imports in 1965, resumed its legal seat in the United Nations in 1971 and signed the Sino-US Joint Communique the following year.

To overcome the ensuing hardship, senior CPC leaders went through thick and thin with the masses. A well-known anecdote goes that, in addition to reducing his salary, Mao gave up his favorite dish of pork braised in brown sauce during the famine years and had only a bowl of cornmeal porridge for supper on his 69th birthday.
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Source: China Daily
 
 
     
 
 
 
     
 
 
 
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