China deals with non-proliferation "in highly responsible manner": white paper

14:26, March 31, 2011      

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China firmly opposes the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their means of delivery, and consistently deals with non-proliferation issues "in a highly responsible manner," says a white paper on the country's national defense issued on Thursday.

In order to prevent proliferation at source, efforts should be made to foster "a global and regional security environment featuring mutual trust and cooperation," and the root causes of WMD proliferation should be eliminated, says the white paper, issued by the Information Office of the State Council, or Cabinet.

It holds that non-proliferation issues should be resolved through political and diplomatic means, and the authority, effectiveness and universality of the international non-proliferation regime should be upheld and enhanced, the paper says.

It says the international community should ensure fairness and prevent discrimination in international non-proliferation efforts, strike a balance between non-proliferation and the peaceful use of science and technology, and abandon double standards.

China has joined all international treaties and international organizations in the field of non-proliferation, and supports the role played by the United Nations in this regard, and has conscientiously implemented any relevant resolutions of the UN Security Council, the paper says.

China advocates "resolving the nuclear issue in the Korean Peninsula peacefully through dialogues and consultations," endeavoring to balance common concerns through holding six-party talks in order to realize the denuclearization on the Korean Peninsula and maintain peace and stability of the Korean Peninsula and the Northeast Asia, the paper says.

China, always considering the whole situation in the long run, painstakingly urges related countries to have more contacts and dialogues in order to create conditions for resuming six-party talks as early as possible, it says.

The paper says China is for the peaceful resolution of the Iranian nuclear issue through dialogue and negotiation, and for maintaining the peace and stability of the Middle East.

China has been dedicated to promoting dialogue and negotiation, and has actively engaged with relevant parties to promote non-proliferation, it says.

China has attended the meetings of foreign ministers and political directors of the P5+1, and has participated in the deliberations on the Iranian nuclear issue at the UN Security Council and at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in a constructive manner, it says.

Since 2009, China has held arms control and non-proliferation consultations with a dozen countries, including the US, Russia, the UK, Germany, Brazil, Canada, Pakistan, the Republic of Korea, the EU, Australia and Israel, and continues to strengthen dialogue and exchanges with multinational export control mechanisms. It has conducted discussions with the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and participated in its technical outreach meeting

China has co-sponsored inter-sessional meetings on non-proliferation and disarmament with relevant countries within the framework of the ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF), and taken part in discussions on biological security and counter-biological terrorism, the paper says.

It says China attaches great importance to non-proliferation export control, and has established a comprehensive legal system for export control of nuclear, biological, chemical, missile and related sensitive items and technologies, as well as all military products.

The paper says it has adopted the relevant international universal export control measures, including the licensing system, end-user and end-use certificate, list control, and "catch-all" principle.

In 2009, the Ministry of Commerce promulgated the Measures for Administration of Dual-use Items and Technologies Subject to Export General License to further strengthen the licensing system for export control.

The paper says China attaches great importance to the issue of nuclear security, opposes nuclear terrorism, adopts effective nuclear security measures and maintains a good record in this field.

China observes in good faith its international obligations and takes an active part in international nuclear security cooperation, it says, adding it agrees in principle to set up a nuclear security "Center of Excellence" in cooperation with relevant countries.

Source: Xinhua
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