China's food security fully guaranteed

15:19, March 09, 2011      

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China's policies and measures to benefit the development of agriculture and good harvests in recent years have fully guaranteed the country's food security, a CPPCC member said on Tuesday.

CPPCC member Nie Zhenbang, who is also director of the State Administration of Grain and member of the State Food Safety Commission, said this when communicating with netizens online at People's Daily Online.

Nie said that ensuring basic food self-sufficiency is a long-standing policy of China. In recent years, the CPC Central Committee and State Council implemented a series of policies and measures to benefit agriculture. The stable development of grain production and the stable improvement of grain production capacity consolidated the material basis of food security.

Particularly in 2010, through unremitting efforts, China overcame some of the most severe natural disasters in recent years, such as freezing rain and snow, droughts and floods. The country has realized seven successive years of good harvest. The grain output reached 546.4 million tons and hit an all-time high.

Firstly, the grain self-sufficiency rate remains at more than 95 percent. Over the past decade, China's total grain consumption remained roughly equal to the total production. Total production and demand remained balanced and the grain self-sufficiency rate remained over 95 percent.

If measured according to international grain statistic standards and excluding soybean exports, China was still a net exporter of grain during the 11th Five-Year Plan period, exporting over 4.7 million tons of grain.

Secondly, the comprehensive grain production ability remains at a relatively high level. In recent years, China has enhanced support for agriculture and grain production, and also placed emphasis on increasing comprehensive grain production ability.

It has realized basic stability of the comprehensive grain production ability, even when industrialization and urbanization is developing rapidly and arable land is being reduced. At present, China has a steady grain production capability at more than 500 million tons.

Third, China's grain reserves remain at a relatively high level. Currently, China has sufficient grain reserves, and its central grain reserves are correctly recorded and are of high quality.

Local governments are actively increasing grain reserves as well. Oil and oilseed stocks have also increased, and local grain reserves and edible oil reserves increased by 26 percent and 208 percent, respectively, compared to 2005. With sufficient reserves, China is able to ensure supply in the grain and oil market as well as make timely and appropriate adjustments when necessary.

By People's Daily Online
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