World place more focus on China's diplomacy: experts

09:51, March 13, 2010      

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The year 2010 is deemed "very important" for China by Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi because the world has placed more focus on the country's economic and political decisions.

Experts believe relations between China and other nations and its policies in dealing with global issues will be more closely watched and weighed.

FRICTION AMONG BIG NATIONS BECOME "NORMAL"

China-U.S. relations have recently encountered some difficulties. The Obama administration's decisions to sale arms to Taiwan and meet with the Dalai Lama have "caused serious disturbances to China-U.S. ties," Yang said at a press conference on the sidelines of China's ongoing parliamentary sessions in Beijing.

"I don't identify with the idea that new-rising nations will inevitably clash with traditional powers. That is the way of thinking in the 19th century," said Li Cheng, director of the John L. Thornton China Center at the Washington-based Brookings Institution.

"Relations between nations have become much more close than ever before. The concept that we are all on the same boat is highly recognized," Li said.

He indicated that recent friction between China and the United States was caused by "some old problems." With the change of expectations or demands, the two sides encountered some sort of misunderstanding or even friction, he said.

However, "interdependence on China-U.S. relations has not been undermined. Nor would the tendency of their deepening cooperation in many aspects be deviated," Li said. "Frictions among big nations are quite normal."

"I think China-U.S. relations will fluctuate in a short period but it remains stable in the long run, " said Professor Jin Canrong, deputy director of the School of International Studies at Renmin University of China.

The two countries have common interests on many bilateral, multilateral and global issues, Jin said, noting that "neither can afford all-around conflicts and confrontations."

"China and the United States have established mature diplomatic ties with an elaborate communication mechanism," said Jin, an expert on China-U.S. relations. Jin said he is "cautiously optimistic" that bilateral ties will become stable this year.

PEACE-ORIENTED APPROACH NOT OMNIPOTENT

China's diplomacy has been trying to foster favorable external conditions for its domestic economic development, said Alexander Lukin, who heads the center for East Asian Studies and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization at Moscow State Institute of International Relations.

"China has never imposed its own development pattern on other nations," Lukin said. "Its mild and active diplomatic policy has been successful."

As China's involvement in global issues deepens, "it should deal with domestic affairs with an international perspective," Li said.

"China's peace-oriented approach in dealing with global issues is quite advisable and the international community accepts China's active role in many global and regional issues," Li said.

"China is on the way to shoulder more obligations worldwide and deserves more respect," he added.

Ahmed Inoubli, general secretary of the Unionist Democratic Union of Tunisia, said that China should play a bigger role in international politics. "As China enjoys a good reputation among nations, it should be more active and direct in global affairs."

LOYAL FRIEND OF DEVELOPING NATIONS

China's relations with African nations have attracted global attention, Lukin said.

"However, China buying crude oil and other resources in Africa will hurt no one," Lukin said. "These African nations can use the money for their own development."

Lukin said China's engagement in Africa's social development programs such as railway and bridge constructions is welcomed there.

"If some westerners envy China's popularity in Africa, they should blame themselves, since their policies in Africa are improper," Lukin said. He insisted that China should continue its current policy in Africa.

China's cooperation with the Arab world and African countries has been "of high quality and transparency and without selfishness," Inoubli said. "They are based on mutual respect, unlike some western imperialism civilizations which are based on invasion, impairment or even destruction."

"We do not agree that China only wants to get resources from Africa. When the West tells us that China is only after African resources, sometimes we remind them that they themselves have been after African resources," said John Kayode Shinkaiye, chief of staff at the Bureau of the African Union Chairman.

China has the potential to replace Japan as the top consumer for the Association of Southeast Asian Nations and will invest more in the region, said S. Pushpanathan, deputy secretary-general of ASEAN for ASEAN Economic Community.

"In the long term, the China-ASEAN free trade zone will be beneficial rather than detrimental," Pushpanathan said.

"In my view, not only will the ASEAN benefits from China's growth, all Asian countries have gained confidence in economic recovery from China," he said.

Source: Xinhua
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