China's People's Liberation Army (PLA) on Wednesday ordered all military units to properly arrange the annual demobilization of soldiers and military officers and to ensure payment of subsidies.
Local military units must give a package of allowances to demobilized personnel for food and housing, the conference heard. Soldiers stationed in remote and difficult terrain are entitled to a special subsidies for winter clothing.
The PLA also gives soldiers from poverty-stricken families "necessary relief". Local governments also allocate subsidies to demobilized military personnel, the amount varying from region to region, the source said.
Economic booming provinces such as coastal Jiangsu would allocate each demobilized soldier an amount of subsidy about half of the average annual per capita earnings of the locals, he said, adding poor regions such as southwest Guizhou Province only give 50 yuan to 100 yuan (13.16 U.S. dollars) to soldiers, which can often be in arrears.
Demobilized personnel are asked to leave the army between the end of November and the end of the year, and all soldiers should be given the salary of the following month before leaving.
"The annual demobilization work is closely related to the overall building of the army, social stability and military image and reputation," the conference heard.
PLA soldiers usually undergo two years of selective service before choosing between returning to civilian life and continuing military service by passing an annual all-around examination to become non-commissioned officers.
They usually are given many preferential policies on employment after they are transferred to the civilian life.
The conference ordered all military units to stick to the policy of "putting soldiers first" and "be considerate" towards their practical needs".
Local military units should coordinate with civilian departments to ensure a safe and smooth transition to civilian life for demobilized soldiers.