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UPDATED: 15:05, September 11, 2006
Backgrounder: Key facts about international anti-terror efforts since Sept. 11 attacks
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The international community has taken a series of anti-terror measures in the past five years, in the wake of the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in the United States.

On Sept. 11, 2001, hijackers commandeered four U.S. airliners. Two crashed into the World Trade Center Twin Towers in New York and one into the Pentagon in Washington D.C., while the fourth crashed near Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, leaving some 3,000 people dead and causing huge economic losses.

The following are key facts about international anti-terror efforts in the past five years:

On Sept. 28, 2001, the United Nations Security Council adopted the Resolution 1373, demanding all countries to freeze the assets of terror suspects and cut their economic funding. The council established an anti-terror committee to supervise the implementation of the resolution.

In October 2001, the council decided to impose sanctions on 27 organizations and persons that were suspected of involvement in terrorist activities.

In April 2002, the international pact passed by the UN General Assembly, in fighting against financing terrorism took effect.

On Sept. 14, 2005, the Security Council adopted the Resolution 1624, asking all countries to legislate against support and stirring of terrorism.

The anti-terror efforts of the Europe Union (EU) have been characterized by cooperation. In September 2001, a special EU summit adopted an anti-terror plan.

On March 26, 2004, the EU issued a statement on coordinating anti-terror efforts, setting up an anti-terror intelligence center to supervise the tracing of capital and finances funding terrorist groups.

In July 2005, the EU Council decided to launch cross-border investigations into terrorists and boost cooperation in fields such as defusing terror plots, cracking terror nets, cutting terror capital and exchanging related intelligence.

The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) has set anti-terrorism as one of its priorities since it was established in 2001.

In January 2002, foreign ministers from the SCO member states signed a communique, setting the fight against terrorism, separatism and extremism as one of the key tenets of SCO cooperation.

In June 2002, the SCO signed a pact on coordinating regional anti-terror efforts and decided to establish the Regional Anti-Terrorism Structure (RATS).

In June 2004, the RATS was formally launched in Tashkent, the capital of Uzbekistan.

The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) also attaches great importance to anti-terror cooperation.

In October 2001, the CIS Collective Security Treaty Organization issued a joint statement, vowing to strengthen intelligence cooperation on anti-terrorism.

On Sept. 16, 2004, a CIS summit issued a statement on boosting anti-terror efforts by adopting a series of practical measures. On Dec. 25, 2004, the CIS signed a plan to launch an anti-terror program for 2005.

Other international and regional organizations such as the African Union and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations have also made contributions to the world anti-terror campaign by establishing anti-terror centers and intelligence databases, coordinating regional anti-terror efforts and boosting anti-terror cooperation.

Source: Xinhua

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