Chinese scientists have drawn up a professional code of conduct designed to prevent fraud that led to the sacking of a leading Shanghai scientist for faking research on a new computer chip earlier this month.
The code will apply to the 4 million members of the China Association of Science and Technology (CAST), which is holding its seventh national conference in Beijing.
"This code should contain the impetuous atmosphere in some academic circles," said CAST president Zhou Guangzhao at Wednesday's conference.
Zhou cited the fake Hanxin digital signal processing chip claimed to have been developed by Chen Jin, who formerly chaired the Micro-electronics School at Shanghai Jiaotong University.
Chen was caught cheating technological appraisal teams from the government, the university, Shanghai Municipal Government and ministries that invested public funds in his research and development projects.
Shanghai Jiaotong University announced on May 12 that the Hanxin chip series were fake and the state-funded research was conducted fraudulently.
"Some people use scientific and technological research to gain fame and profit, and some plagiarize other's research results, and even attack those who hold the results or expose their fraud," Zhou said.
"Such behavior has poisoned the academic field and harmed the innovation-oriented construction of the country."
Li Yiyi, an academician with the Chinese Academy of Sciences, who organized the drafting of the code, said many scientists were angered by fraudulent practices.
"The purpose of the code is to uphold the ethics of scientific research and maintain academic self-discipline," Li said. "It will also help scientists whose research results are plagiarized safeguard their interests."
A schedule for issuing the code was yet to be decided, Li said.