Zambia Wildlife Authority (ZAWA) has started monitoring migratory birds for the bird flu virus, according to Zambia Daily Mail on Monday.
ZAWA public relations officer Maureen Mwape said on Sunday that the wet lands across the country, which are hosts to birds, are on high alert.
Zambia does not want to be caught unaware by migratory birds from Europe and Asia which might bring in the bird flu, the officer said. "The areas on high alert are the Kafue, Bangweulu and Lukanga swamps and other open areas where wetlands are found."
Mwape also said ZAWA veterinary officers are prepared for any outbreak in rural areas.
About 19 areas in the southern African country play host to the migratory birds which come here when temperature in their country became extreme, said the ZAWA official.
Mwape said however those birds that opt to settle in people's backyards could not be monitored for signs of bird flu and be harmful if they carry the virus and come into contact with humans or other animals.
Four African countries, Nigeria, Egypt, Niger and Cameroon, have confirmed the deadly H5N1 virus in their poultry farms since February this year and the influenza flu has killed one Egyptian.