Minister Ma Kai and vice minister Zhu Zhixin of China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) answered reporters' questions at a press conference Monday on the draft 11th five-year plan for national economic and social development.
As for the draft 11th five-year plan, which has been delivered at the Fourth Session of the Tenth National People's Congress (NPC) for deliberation, Ma Kai said the draft distinguishes itself from previous ones both in form and content.
1. Two strategic lines -- the scientific concept of development and the goal of building a harmonious society -- run through the whole draft outlines.
2. The goals proposed cover not only economic areas but also those concerning people's life, social development and environment. In particular, it is the first draft that classifies development indexes into prospective and restrictive.
3. In terms of strategic tasks, one whole chapter is specially devoted to discussing building a new socialist countryside, leading all the other tasks.
4. On the industrial sector, the draft plan makes clear that the five-year main task is not expansion in scale, but structural upgrading to turn China's big industry into a powerhouse.
5. As for the relations of the three industries, the draft outlines for the first time gives a highlighted chapter solely to the services sector.
6. On regional development strategy, it further makes clear the description and policy inclination for four types of function zones, namely, optimized, prioritized, limited development and banned exploitation.
7. The draft plan includes into it the two basic state policies of saving resources and protecting the environment, setting forth the strategic tasks of building a resources-saving, environment-friendly society as well as concrete measures to be taken.
8. The draft puts forward a few tasks of great significance and policy measures such as building an innovation-oriented country and implementing the strategy of developing the country with talents.
9. Contents on reform are seen throughout the draft.
10. Political civilization, cultural development and social construction are discussed in exclusive chapters. It puts special stress on putting people first and solving the significant problems that concern people's vital interests.
When answering what benefits will be brought to people through the implementation of the 11th five-year plan, Ma Kai said, the draft guidelines proposes that China's per capita GDP would top 2,400 U.S. dollars in 2010, when China would be more powerful in its overall strength.
With further economic development, people will find their pocketbooks more stuffed.
China's average urban per capita disposable income in 2010 would increase from last year's 10,493 yuan to 13,390 yuan, while rural per capita net income will rise from 3,255 yuan to 4,110 yuan.
45 million jobs will be created in urban areas and the same number of farmers will be trained to take up industrial jobs in five years.
People's life quality will be further improved with safer food, more convenient transportation, and public services offered to people in a more equitable manner.
The country will gradually improve its medical health system as a cooperative medical scheme will cover 80 percent of the country's rural areas.
People will enjoy better environment. The emissions of major pollutants will be cut by 10 percent and the forest coverage rate will be increased to 20 percent. An addition of 100 million people will have safe drinking water. The group of people with special difficulties will be better taken care of by the government and the society.
By People's Daily Online