China will make a bigger stride in the aerospace industry. Manned space flight project, "Chang'e" moon probe and research on new generation carrier rocket will be three spot lights in the next five years, according to Hu Shixiang, former deputy chief of the nation's Manned Space Flight Project.
Hu, also a representative attending the ongoing session of the National People's Congress in Beijing, said that China has finished the first goal of the "three step" strategy of manned space project during the "Tenth Five Year Plan" period (2001-2005). The second one has started.
China will continue to make breakthroughs in the technology of manned space flight project. Space walks, as well as rendezvous and spacecraft docking will be carried out in the next five years. China has made some achievements in the two technologies, which are the key to establish space labs and space stations, according to Hu.
Setting up a space lab that can be operational for a long period of time but only requiring short-term manual work has been listed on the draft of the "11th Five Year Plan".
So far, China's research on extravehicular space suits is also going well and has entered into the sampling test phase.
The "Chang'e" project, China's lunar exploration project has already been launched. China will make a comprehensive probe on the resources and energy distribution, as well the special environment on the moon by using advanced equipment, said Hu.
According to Hu, China will send its first lunar probe satellite in 2007. There are three stages for China's moon probing, that is, orbiting, docking and returning.
In the first stage, orbiting, there will be three-dimensioned graphs of the lunar surface. Researches will be focused on the content and distribution of elements on the moon surface, detection of the depth of the lunar soil and space environment between the earth and the moon.
Researches for the second stage, docking, include the launch of a docking vehicle to land on the moon.
For the third stage, returning, in addition to moon surface investigation, sample collections from the moon and returning to the earth will be carried out.
Although China starts late in lunar exploration, China has its own advantages in carrier rocket, satellite and monitoring system. China basically is able to explore the moon. Chinese scientists have basically decided satellite's launching orbit after sophisticated calculation, said Hu.
According to Hu, carrier rocket will be the third spot light of China's aerospace industry.
The new generation non-toxic, non-pollution carrier rocket with large propelling power has been listed on the draft of the "11th Five Year Plan". Currently, it is under key technology research process. The new rocket will be able to achieve a payload of 25 tons, compared with 9.5 tons now, said Hu.
By People's Daily Online