Cambodia Monday launched the 2008 general population census plan to help the country to formulate specific policies and programs to balance the population growth and development.
The 2008 census will start in March with completion of data processing by mid-2009 and dissemination during 2009-2010. The census will be the second one in Cambodia. The first one was conducted in 1998.
The census will provide data on population size and a broad range of population characteristics that can be compared with the corresponding data from the previous census to assess the impact of various development program on the people and to provide guidelines for planning for the future, said Chhay Than, minister of planning.
Prime Minister Hun Sen pointed out that census "is an important work for our country." He said that "in general, the population census will reflect the demographic status of those countries and help their respective governments to formulate specific policies and programs balancing the population growth and development."
Based on the 1998 census, the Cambodian population was 11.4 million.
Hun Sen said that the Cambodian population will further increase even though the fertility rate among women is low. "By the end of this decade, our population will reach 15 million," he said.
"This is due to the growth pattern among women group who borne during high fertility generation between 1980 and 1995," the premier added. The population growth during the current first half decade is 1.9 percent per annum.
The estimated costs for the census is 6 million U.S. dollars. UNFPA (United Nations Fund for Population Activities) has pledged support for this plan, and is committed to providing 1.5 million dollars, and hopes to mobilize an additional 2-3 million dollars from other resources.
Meanwhile, Prime Minister Hun Sen urged the development partners to provide additional contributions in terms of technical and financial supports "to carry out this immense task."