The world enjoys a relatively stable military situation in 2005, without breakout of any large-scale war. But military and security issues remain a focus of international attention as countries speed up strategic adjustments and fight more fiercely for military dominance. The PLA Daily, newspaper of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, recently released its top ten international military news selected out together with experts from both inside and outside the army.
1.China, Russia conduct first joint military drill
From Aug. 18 to 26, China and Russia conducted their first ever joint military drill. Nearly 10,000 troops from the army, the navy and the air force of both sides participated in the exercise code-named "Peace Mission 2005", which achieved a successful end.
Picture shows a new-type Chinese submarine on the sea.
2.Chinese military intensifies pragmatic exchanges with foreign armies
The Chinese army intensified mutual-trusting and pragmatic exchanges with foreign armies. On Sept. 27, the army launched "North Sword 2005" war exercises at the Zhurihe training base, to which military observers and military attaches from 24 countries were invited. In Oct., Donald Rumsfield paid his first visit to China as US Defense Secretary.
Picture shows the Chinese naval fleet arriving in Thailand for visit, Dec. 9.
3.US, Japan listed Taiwan Straits as a "common strategic objective"
The United States
and Japan held twice "2 plus 2" security consultations on Feb. 19 and Oct. 29. They strengthened their military alliance and put forward "common strategic goals" to further security cooperation in Asia-Pacific and the globe. By including Taiwan Straits into the goals they openly interfered with China's internal affairs.
Picture shows a joint military exercise by US, Japanese navies.
4.Breakthrough made in 4th round of six-party talks
On Sept. 19, participating parties to the second stage of the fourth round of six-party talks on the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue concluded with the adoption of a joint statement.
The DPRK was "committed to" abandoning "all nuclear weapons" and "existing nuclear programs" while the United States affirmed that it has no nuclear weapons on the Korean Peninsula and has no intention to attack or invade the DPRK with nuclear or conventional weapons.
This is the most important temporary result since the talks were started two years ago.
Chinese Foreign Minister Li Zhaoxing(C) having a group photo taken with participating delegation heads.
5.Russia conducts mock nuclear war exercise
The Strategic Rocket Forces of Russia conducted from Sept. 26 to Oct. 1 a mock nuclear war exercise, one of fairly large scale in the history of Russian rocket troops.
Picture shows Russia's Topol-M intercontinental ballistic missile.
6.US death toll in Iraq exceeds 2,000
The US army suffered heavy casualties in Iraq as a result of various kinds of militant attacks. The Pentagon announced on Oct. 25 that since the war broke out the number of US troops died in Iraq had exceeded 2,000. By Dec. 13, the 1000th day following the war breakout, the death toll had climbed to 2,149.
7.Japan SDF seeks upgrading
Japan's ruling Liberal Democratic Party approved its draft of a new constitution on Oct. 28, which featured a complete rewriting of the preamble and several additional clauses including one stipulating that Japan possesses military forces for self- defense that can take part in international security operations and keep public order at home in emergencies. As a result the Japanese Self-Defense Forces was upgraded into a "self-defense army".
Picture shows the SDF conducting a military drill.
8.US reshuffles military bases at home and abroad
The Pentagon submitted on May. 16 to the Congress its plan for the first large-scale military base adjustment in ten years. On Dec. 16, the US signed an agreement with Romania
for the establishment of four military bases on Romanian land, being the first ones set up in a former country of Warsaw Treaty Organization.
Picture shows the US air base in Guam.
9.Palestine, Israel announce ceasefire, but violence remains
Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas
announced on Feb. 8 that he had reached an agreement with Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon to put an official end to the conflicts between the two sides. Sharon followed by announcing the end of military actions against Palestinians.
On Sept. 12, Israel finished its "go it alone" program to disengage from the Gaza Strip when the last batch of Israeli soldiers pulled out of the area. However, the conflict is not completely ended and violence still occurs.
Picture shows a Palestinian security official shaking hands with an Israeli officer.
10.Four southeast Asian countries conduct coordinated patrol
On Sept. 13, Malaysia
and Thailand announced their beginning of a coordinated air patrol over the Malacca Strait code-named "Eyes in the Sky", being the first of its kind over the strait.
Picture shows Singaporean and
Malaysian pilots attending the launching ceremony of the patrol.
By People's Daily Online, pictures from PLA Daily