DPRK committed to abandoning all nuclear weapons
The Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the United States undertook to respect each other's sovereignty, exist peacefully together, and take steps to normalize their relations subject to their respective bilateral policies, according to a joint statement issued at the fourth round of the six-party talks in Beijing on Monday.
The statement says the DPRK is "committed to" abandoning "all nuclear weapons" and "existing nuclear programs" and returning, at an early date, to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons and to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards.
The United States affirmed in the document that it has no nuclear weapons on the Korean Peninsula and has no intention to attack or invade the DPRK with nuclear or conventional weapons.
The fourth round of the six-party talks was held in Beijing in two phases, from July 26 to August 7 and from September 13 to 19 respectively, involving China, the DPRK, the United States, the Republic of Korea (ROK), Russia and Japan. Chinese Vice Foreign Minister Wu Dawei chaired the talks.
The six parties held, in the spirit of mutual respect and equality, "serious" and "practical" talks concerning the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, says the joint statement.
The statement says the six parties agreed to take coordinated steps to implement their consensus in a phased manner in line with the principle of "commitment for commitment, action for action."
They also agreed to hold the fifth round of the six-party talks in Beijing in early November this year at a date to be determined through consultations.
The statement says the ROK reaffirmed its commitment not to receive or deploy nuclear weapons in accordance with the 1992 Joint Declaration of the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, while affirming that there exist no nuclear weapons within its territory.
The 1992 Joint Declaration of the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula should be observed and implemented, it says.
The DPRK stated that it has the right to peaceful uses of nuclear energy. The other parties expressed their respect and agreed to discuss, at an appropriate time, the subject of the provision of light water reactor to the DPRK, the statement says.
The six parties unanimously reaffirmed that the goal of the six-party talks is the verifiable denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula in a peaceful manner.
The six parties undertook to abide by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and recognized norms of international relations, the document says.
The DPRK and the United States undertook to respect each other's sovereignty, exist peacefully together, and take steps to normalize their relations subject to their respective bilateral policies, it says.
The DPRK and Japan also undertook to take steps to normalize their relations in accordance with the Pyongyang Declaration, on the basis of the settlement of unfortunate past and the outstanding issues of concern.
The six parties undertook to promote economic cooperation in the fields of energy, trade and investment, bilaterally or multilaterally, it says.
China, Japan, the ROK, Russia and the United States stated their willingness to provide energy assistance to the DPRK.
The ROK reaffirmed its proposal of July 12, 2005 concerning the provision of two million kilowatts of electric power to the DPRK.
The six parties are also committed to making joint efforts for lasting peace and stability in Northeast Asia, says the statement.
The directly related parties will negotiate a permanent peace regime on the Korean Peninsula at an appropriate separate forum.
The six parties also agreed to explore ways and means for promoting security cooperation in Northeast Asia.
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