Incumbent President Hosni Mubarak, a long-time heavyweight in the Middle East, was re-elected in Egypt's first multi-candidate presidential election, the Presidential Election Commission announced on Friday, Sep. 9, 2005.
The following is the profile of Mubarak, who has severed as the president for four consecutive six-year terms since 1981 and will lead the most populous Arab country for another term.
Born on May 4, 1928 in a farmer's family in Menoufia governorate, 65 km north of Cairo, Mubarak joined the Egyptian Military Academy after completing his high school and received his bachelor degree in military sciences in 1949.
One year later, Mubarak joined the Air Force Academy and earned his bachelor degree in aviation sciences. Since then he had held many command positions in the Egyptian Air Force such as pilot, instructor, squadron leader and base commander.
In 1964, Mubarak was appointed as the commander of the Western Air Force Base at Cairo West Airfield. He served as the director of the Air Force Academy and chief of staff of the Egyptian Air Force From 1967 to 1972, then he became commander of the Air Force and deputy minister for military affairs.
After being promoted to the rank of Air Marshall in October 1973, Mubarak was named as vice president in April 1975, and the vice chairman of the National Democratic Party (NDP) in 1978.
Following the assassination of former President Anwar Sadat in 1981, Mubarak became the president and NDP chairman. Mubarak was re-elected as president three times by majority votes in 1987, 1993, and 1999.
He was also elected twice as chairman of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) during the periods of 1989-1990 and 1993-1994.
Mubarak and his wife Susan Mubarak have two sons. The elder son is a businessman, and younger Gamal Mubarak, a former banker, now leads the powerful NDP Policy Committee.