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UPDATED: 15:02, August 15, 2005
The Eighth Route Army's annals of war
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The battlefield in the enemy's rear area was the battlefront opened up by the CPC-led people's armed forces in the area occupied by Japanese army.

The battlefield in the rear of the enemy contained and eliminated massive armed forces of Japanese troops and gradually became the main battlefield for Chinese anti-Japanese war.

During the eight-year-long anti-Japanese war, the Eighth Route Army led by the CPC had all along been a core force active in the enemy's rear area in north China. During the period, the Eighth Route Army, fighting in coordination with the frontline battlefield, and relying on Taihang Mountain, Wutai Mountain, Luliang Mountain and other mountain ranges, open up the Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei, the Shanxi-Hebei-Shandong-Henan, Shanxi-Suiyuan and other anti-Japanese base areas to resist and contain the armed forces of Japanese aggression against China, in the enemy rear areas the Eighth Route Army fought heroically against Japanese aggressor troops, smashed Japanese troops' repeated cruel "mopping-up operations", and thus make important contribution to the victory in the anti-Japanese war.

By People's Daily Online

Picture shows that in 1940 Peng Dehuai, deputy commander-in-chief, is directing battles in the "hundred regiment campaign".

In the fall of 1940, the Eighth Army assembled in succession over 100 regiments in the north China region to conduct strategic offense and anti-"mopping up" operations against Japanese aggressor troops, thus dealing a heavy blow to the invasive enemy and sounding the start of the famous "hundred regiment campaign". Pictured here is our army's bombarding the enemy's pillbox.

In October 1937 after the 120th division of the Eighth Route Army press forward to west Shanxi Province, they ambushed the Japanese troops at the Yanmenguan Pass, destroyed 100 enemy vehicles, scoring brilliant results in the battlefield. Here are leaders of the 120th division of the Eighth Route Army in the region of northwest Shanxi Province (from right to left) division commanders He Long, chief of staff Zhou Shidi, political commissar Guan Xiangying, director of the political department Gan Siqi are watching the terrain on the frontline.

Picture shows that the Eighth Route Army in central Hebei Province launched tunnel warefare against Japanese aggressors.

In the spring of 1940, political commissar of the 115th Division Nie Rongzhen go from the border areas of Shanxi-Chahar-Hebei to the Eighth Route Army headquarters in Tongyu Town, Liaoxian County, Shanxi Province, where they swap experiences with leaders of the 129th Division. From left of the front row: Nie Rongzhen, Zhu De, Liu Bocheng and Deng Xiaoping.

In the middle of September 1937, Zhu De led the main force of the Eighth Route Army to ferry from the east of Shaanxi Province to the anti-Japanese frontline across the Yellow River.Picture shows (counting from the right, front row): Zhu De, Ren Bishi, and Zuo Quan on board the ferry.

After victory was gained in the Pingxingguan Pass in September 1937, the CPC Central Committee raised the slogans "carrying out guerrilla war in the enemy rear areas to create anti-Japanese base area, turning the enemy rear areas into anti-Japanese frontline. Here is the Eighth Route Army fighting in the Great Wall.

On September 25 1937, the 115th Division of the Eighth Route Army won the first sweeping victory in Shanxi's Pingxingguan Pass after the start of anti-Japanese war. Picture shows the battle fought in Pingguan Pass, a certain unit of the 115th machine gun position.

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