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Home >> Life
UPDATED: 17:03, July 25, 2005
The "Chinese Schindlers"
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Oskar Schindler, the hero of the classic WWII movie "Schindler's List", saved more than 1,000 Jews during the war. In the 60th Anniversary of the victory over fascism, more and more Chinese Schindlers have emerged too, with their names appearing on newspaper and their heroic deeds talked about.

Qiu Fazu, "Chinese miracle-working doctor" in Germany

Every Chinese doctor knows the name Qiu Fazu, for they read his books during their five-year education in medical universities. The versatile surgeon who created "Qiu style" surgery is not only highly skilled at surgery. He also risked his life saving more than 40 Jewish prisoners during WWII and therefore was called "Chinese

doctor" by the Jews. After the war the German government conferred him "national grand cross medal", making him the only Asian with the honor.

Facing the Nazis, Qu Fazu, acting as surgeon-in-charge in Germany in 1945 saved over 40 Jewish prisoners who were on the brink of death with his medical skills, intelligence and courage. After that Qiu, along with doctors and nurses who assisted him saving the Jews made a "gentlemen's agreement", deciding to "cover it up forever". The heroic deed of the "Chinese miracle-working doctor" was not known by public until it is reported dozens of years after the war.

Now 91-year-old Qiu Fazu and his German wife reside in Wuhan, central China's Hubei Province. The highly respected surgeon leads an extremely simple life in a house of only 50 sq. meters. He has donated all his life's savings of 1.5 mln yuan to set up award for young surgeon scientists.

Qian Xiuling, "Chinese mother of Belgium"

In May 2005, Chinese ambassador to Belgium Zhang Qiyue made her way to a rest home in Brussels to see a 93-year-old Chinese lady Qian Xiuling, who is called the "Chinese mother of Belgium".

Qian had helped the underground resistance groups in Nazis-ruled Belgium and was awarded with "Hero of the State" medal after the war. The TV series Chinese Woman Facing Gestapo's Gun shown in China was inspired by Qian's experience.

In commemoration of Qian's gallantry, citizens of Ecaussinnes City, a city in southern Belgium, named a street after her: "Ms. Qian Street." But Qian never told his families in hometown about her deeds. All they know about Qian is a retired doctor residing in Belgium. When the TV series Chinese Woman Facing Gestapo's Gun began to be shot, Qian stressed to the crew repeatedly to avoid use of her real name in it.

He Fengshan, issuer of "visa for life"

In 1997 a Chinese old man He Fengshan passed away in San Francisco. His daughter He Manli wrote in the obituary notice: My father saved his Jewish friends Rosenberg's family in 1938, freeing them from Nazi's atrocity. This simple sentence caught attention of the Jewish "visa for life" organization and made them start investigation of He's "visa for life".

He Fengshan served as China's consul-general in Vienna from 1938 to 1940. He risked his career and even life in issuing thousands of "visas for life" to Jews in Austria, which enabled them to escape from Nazi's genocide.

In 1938 the Nazi Germany already annexed Austria. At that time most countries refused to offer help to Jews, but the general consulate of China opened its door to the Jews, granting "visa for life" to large group of Jews.

How many "visa for life' had He issued during 1938 to May 1940? It is still a myth. Some files estimate He issued 500 visas on average every month, and the number reached 900 sometimes.

By People's Daily Online

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