At the invitation of British Prime Minister Tony Blair, Chinese President Hu Jintao attended the informal meeting between Group of Eight (G8) leaders and leaders of five developing countries. i.e. China, India, Brazil, South Africa and Mexico held on July 7, 2005 in Gleneagles.
It was planned that leaders of the G8 countries and the five developing countries would hold discussions with the UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, officials from the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the World Trade Organization, the European Commission, and the International Energy Agency on global hot-spot issues including the world economy, climate changes and international development and cooperation.
The meeting will include not only G8 members which are exerting significant influence on the world political and economic affairs, but also developing countries with sustained economic development and which are playing an increasingly important role in the international affairs. The meeting is therefore fairly representative and draws wide attention from the international community.
The international situation is continuing to experience profound changes. The world economy, while keeping a fairly good growth trend, is facing structural and periodical problems. Under the economic globalization, traditional and non-traditional problems emerge one after another. Against this setting, the G8 plus five summit invites the world's major developing countries and developed countries to exchange opinions on major international issues and to coordinate positions, which is of positive significance for promoting the South-North dialog, boosting multilateralism and jointly addressing issues on a global scale.
It is the second tour of president Hu Jintao for the meeting between G8 and developing countries since the Evian meeting in 2003. It is an important diplomatic activity, which is of far-reaching significance. China attaches great importance to this meeting and will push forward its cooperation with the G8 as a whole and its member countries, boost the South-North dialogue and international development and cooperation; deepen coordination and cooperation with big developing countries and safeguard common interests; set forth China's position on current major international issues.
It can still be recalled clearly when President Hu Jintao put forward four-point proposals on the issue of development at the informal South-North leaders dialogue meeting in Evian, France in 2003. The proposals called for adopting effective measures to boost global economic growth, harmony and maintaining the diversity of the world, enhancing multilateral cooperation and facilitating establishment of new international economic order as well as stepping up support and substantiating the South-North cooperation.
These far-sighted propositions present China's attitude of actively pressing ahead with the South-North dialogue and cooperation, as well as furnish the South-North cooperation with instructive ways of thinking.
The meeting covers not only the major issues faced by the international community, but also those to which the Chinese government attaches much importance and are making efforts to find a solution. Therefore, the propositions and proposals the Chinese president brings forward at the meeting are sure the focus of the world media. On these questions that concern the interests of various countries, the Chinese government has always stood for balancing the various concerns, particularly those of the developing countries, on the basis of equality and mutual benefit so as to enhance understanding, expand consensus, promote cooperation and realize win-win results. The Chinese leader continued to emphasize the importance of deepening understanding through communication, boosting trust through dialogue and promoting cooperation through exchange. He also made specific proposals on the South-North cooperation.
Having examined the history one finds that sustained world peace and stability can be fundamentally guaranteed only when global coordination, balance and universal development are realized. Particularly, under the situation of continuing economic globalization accompanied by increasingly prominent problems, only by coordination and cooperation can the various countries efficiently respond to challenges and threats, realize win-win results and advance the peace and prosperity of mankind.
The South-North dialogue is of extraordinary significance. People pin their hope on the unremitting efforts by those farsighted and responsible statesmen, on the developed countries' earnest delivery of commitments to helping the developing countries boost ability, on the developing countries' vigorous efforts to realize national rejuvenation and development. Now the meeting has ended, we shall wait and see what the "Gleneagles dialogue" will bring to the world this time.
This is an article carried on the third page of People's Daily on July 7 and translated by People's Daily Online