For the world, mausoleums of Emperor Qin Shi Huang and Empress Wu Zetian have long been the secrets that were buried deep under the ground. In Guo Moro's lifetime, he once suggested unearthing the mausoleum of Empress Wu Zetian, but without any results. The excavation of the mausoleums of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, Empress Wu Zetian and Emperor Gaozong of Tang Dynasty has aroused great interests from the external world.
Zhang Bo, vice director of State Administration of Cultural Relics, and Sun Qingyun, mayor of Xi'an, briefed the reporters during a news release conference on July 5 that the mausoleums of Emperor Qin Shi Huang and Empress Wu Zetian remain intact, which are quite valuable in this regard. The excavation can only be underway till various conditions are ready. Whether to excavate the mausoleums is still being discussed.
Sun noted that Qin mausoleum is the tomb of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, the first emperor of China. Its huge scale and exquisite workmanship have made it the best worldwide in these respects. And the mausoleum in which Empress Wu Zetian and Emperor Gaozong of the Tang were buried together is also a model of royal mausoleums in ancient China.
Sun further noted that experts are now conducing argumentation on the feasibility of excavation from various aspects. The excavation of the mausoleums can only be started till various conditions are ready. "We hold ourselves responsible to history and cultural relics," added Sun.
Zhang said that those who turned down the excavation of the mausoleums were in consideration of protection techniques and levels. These cultural relics have been buried underground for thousands of years, and have maintained a balanced state. There, the changes of cultural relics are very tiny. If they are excavated, the cultural relics will change quickly due to exposure to oxygen and other gases. Such changes are incontrollable for some cultural relics and something cannot be controlled by our modern techniques.
By People's Daily Online