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Home >> Opinion
UPDATED: 15:30, March 16, 2005
Editorial: A law of peaceful reunification, protection of Taiwan compatriots and opposition to 'Taiwan independence'
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The "Anti-Secession Law" passed by the Third Session of the 10th National People's Congress (NPC) has been formally published and put into force.

The "Anti-Secession Law" is a very important bill. Adoption of this law by a high rate of votes indicates that formulation and enforcement of the "Anti-Secession Law" conforms to the people's feelings and aspirations, it represents the common wish and strong will of the sons and daughters of the Chinese nation at home and abroad. This law fully embodies our consistent stand on striving for peaceful reunification with the utmost sincerity and the greatest effort, at the same time it also indicates the common will and firm determination of all the Chinese people to safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity and absolutely not allow "Taiwan independence" secessionist forces to separate Taiwan from China in any names and by any forms. This law is a law promoting the peaceful reunification of the motherland, protecting the fundamental interests of Taiwan compatriots and opposing and curbing "Taiwan independence" separatist forces. The promulgation and enforcement of this law is of an important practical function and far-reaching historical influence in spurring the development of cross-Strait relations, promoting the peaceful reunification of the motherland, combating and checking "Taiwan independence" separatist forces from splitting the country, maintaining peace and stability in the region of the Taiwan Straits, defending national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and safeguarding the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation.

Enactment of the "Anti-Secession Law" is necessary and timely. For a long time, we have made unremitting efforts for developing cross-Strait relations and promoting peaceful reunification of the country. However, for sometime in the recent past, "Taiwan independence" secessionist forces have stepped up their "Taiwan independence" divisive activities. Among various escalating "Taiwan independence" separatist activities, what we should heighten our vigilance is that the Taiwan authorities, in their vain attempt to realize the "Taiwan independence" separatist forces' goal of splitting the country by the so-called "constitutional" and "legal" form and in the form of "referendum" and "constitutional reform", have provided the splitting forces with so-called "legal" support to change the fact that the mainland and Taiwan belong to one and the same China and to secede Taiwan from China. Facts indicate that the "Taiwan independence" secessionist forces' activities to split the country have posed serious threats to China's sovereignty and territorial integrity, gravely damaged the prospect of peaceful reunification, seriously harmed the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation and seriously threatened peace and stability in the region of the Taiwan Straits and the Asia-Pacific region.

China's Constitution clearly stipulates: "Taiwan is part of the sacred territory of the People's Republic of China. Accomplishing the great cause of the reunification of the motherland is the sacred duty of all the Chinese people, including Taiwan compatriots." The three generations of the Party central collective leaderships have made unremitting efforts and done a large amount of fruitful work for the solution of the Taiwan issue. Since the 16th CPC National Congress, the Party Central Committee with Comrade Hu Jintao as the General Secretary has set forth a series of propositions for solving the Taiwan issue and promoting the peaceful reunification of the motherland. President Hu Jintao's recent four-point opinions on developing cross-Strait relations fully express our affection and loving care for Taiwan compatriots, our sincere wishes for maintaining peace and stability in cross-Strait relations, our utmost sincerity in striving for a prospect of peaceful reunification, and our strong determination to defend national sovereignty and territorial integrity, the four-point opinions are of important guiding significance in promoting the development of cross-Strait relations under the new circumstance, maintaining peace and stability in the Taiwan Straits and pushing forward the peaceful reunification of the motherland.

The "Anti-Secession Law" is not a law directed against Taiwan people, but is a law for opposing and curbing "Taiwan independence" separatist forces; it is not a law of war, but is a law for the peaceful reunification of the country. The law stipulates: upholding the one-China principle is the foundation for realizing the peaceful reunification of the country; realizing reunification of the motherland by peaceful means is most conforming to the fundamental interests of compatriots on both sides of the Taiwan Straits; the country is striving for realization of peaceful reunification with the utmost sincerity and the greatest efforts. This law also clearly places the development of cross-Strait relations, consultation and negotiation between the two sides of the Taiwan Straits and other policies and propositions in legal forms, which fully expresses our greater hope and sincerity than anyone else for realization of reunification of the motherland by peaceful means, and our good intentions of safeguarding the well-being of the broad masses of Taiwan compatriots by exerting our greatest efforts. The law expresses the common will and strong determination of all the Chinese people to defend national sovereignty and territorial integrity. Defending national sovereignty and territorial integrity represents the core interests of our country and nation and the common obligation of all Chinese people, including Taiwan compatriots. No sovereign state would tolerate acts to secede the country, any sovereign state has the right to adopt necessary methods to defend national sovereignty and territorial integrity.

We never waver in our determination to uphold the one-China principle, never give up our efforts for peaceful reunification, never change the principle of placing our hope on Taiwan people, never compromise in our opposition to "Taiwan independence" separatist activities. This is an important declaration on developing cross-Strait relations under the new circumstances, as well as the essence of the "Anti-Secession Law". We believe that all the Chinese people including the 2.3 million Taiwan compatriots will definitely comprehensively understand the accurate implication of this law, grasp the legislative purpose of this law, jointly defend national sovereignty and territorial integrity, and jointly safeguard the fundamental interests of the Chinese nation. We believe that publication and enforcement of this law will certainly help combating and curbing "Taiwan independence" secessionist forces' attempt to split the country, and help promote the development of cross-Strait relations and realize the great cause of the peaceful reunification of the motherland.

Published on the front page of People's Daily on March 16, the above editorial is translated by People's Daily Online


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