What will the capital of Beijing look like in the future? Recently the exhibition of Beijing Urban Planning Project (2004-2020) was held in the Beijing Urban Planning Museum, which shows the beautiful future for the ancient city of Beijing: national capital, world metropolis, famous cultural city and a city fit for habitation.
According to the revised project Beijing will have a great leap forward in the coming 50 years in three stages: from 2004 to 2008 Beijing will take the lead in achieving the goal of basic modernization in the country and building a framework for an international metropolis; from 2009 to 2020 it will achieve an all-round modernization goal and have the status of international metropolis with striking features; and from 2021 to about 2050 Beijing will be built into a sustainable development city with an all-round economic, social and ecological coordination, entering into the ranks of world cities.
The designated functions of the city in this revision project are: the capital of the People's Republic of China, a center of national politics and culture, a well-known ancient capital in the world and an international metropolis. The major breakthrough in the project is made on the readjustment of Beijing's layout. The "single center development pattern has been changed to a new city structure of "double axis-double belt-multiple centers''. The two axes are the east-west Chang'an avenue axis and the traditional south-north axis. The two belts include the belt of Tongzhou, Shuiyi, Yizhuang, Huairou, Miyun and the "East Development area'' in Pinggu and that of Daxing, Fangshan, Changping, Yanqing and the "west development area" in Mentougou. The multiply centers are that city functional ones will be built in Beijing to offer services to all the country and opened to the world with the improvement of the city's nuclear functions and comprehensive competitiveness.
On the basis of "double axis-double belt-multiple centers'' Beijing plans to form a city structure composed of a central city, new towns and townships. Covering an area of 1,085 square kilometers the central city is an area with the nuclear functions of the city��s politics and culture and the important economic functions. Based on the present satellite towns, the new ones will be standardized urban areas with functions of decentralizing the residents in the central city, gathering new industries and bringing along regional development. At present there are 11 new towns planned. They include Tongzhou, Shunyi, Yizhuang, Daxing, Fangshan, Changping, Huairou, Miyun, Pinggu, Yanqing and Mentougou.
In 2003, the number of the permanent residents in Beijing was 14.56 million. According to the project the number of the residents will be restricted to about 18 million.
The city of Beijing built in Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties is the masterpiece of the ancient city planning in China and the revised project has laid emphasis on the preservation of the ancient city. Beijing will put stress on the preservation of the precious cultural relics and historic sites, excellent modern buildings, historic culture reserves, old city proper, traditional landscape and famous scenic spots and their environment left over by various historical periods. Beijing will inherit and develop its historic culture traditions.
The project depicts Beijing's future traffic as this: it is the strategic core in traffic development to implement the priority public traffic policy in an all-round way, perfect the road system in the central city and set up a traffic-support system composed of rail traffic, expressway and transportation hub. By 2020 the traffic structure will tend to be rational with traffic congestion relieved. The traffic development will be in a sound cycle.
To ensure the success of 2008 Olympic Games and lay a good foundation for the sustainable development of the city's economy and society Beijing will accelerate the restructuring in the city's urban area and the city's infrastructure construction, and start up the key construction of the new towns including Tongzhou, Shuiyi and Yizhuang. At the same time, in coordination with "Olympic Games Program'' a good job will be done on the construction of Olympic gym and stadium facilities.
It is learned that the Beijing People's Congress has passed the "Beijing Urban Planning Project (2004-2020)'' (draft) and agreed to take it as a guidance for improving the coordinative development of the economy, society and environment in the city. After necessary amendments Beijing will report it to the State Council for approval.
By People's Daily Online