A central government spokesman warned Wednesday that China would resolutely crush any "Taiwan independence" attempts at all costs if the Taiwan authorities try to create any major splittist incidents through so-called "Constitutional reform".
"If Chen Shui-bian dares to use this ('Constitutional reform') to create any major incidents aimed at 'Taiwan independence', we will resolutely and completely crush such splittist attempts at all costs," said Li Weiyi, spokesman for the Taiwan Affairs Office under the State Council, China's cabinet, at a press briefing Wednesday in Beijing.
Asked to comment on Taiwan leader Chen Shui-bian's recent remarks which claimed that Taiwan was a sovereign state and needed a fresh constitution, the spokesman said: "This has once again exposed Chen's true face of seeking 'Taiwan independence'."
"In promoting the so-called 'Constitutional reform', Chen is actually seeking to separate Taiwan from China," said Li.
He said Taiwan is never a sovereign state. It is proved by all historical facts and laws again and again that and it is widely recognized by the international community that Taiwan is an integral part of the Chinese territory.
Chen's education reform aims to educate people with "Taiwan independence"
The political attempt of Taiwan leader Chen Shui-bian's so-called education reform is to change Taiwan's education into ideological education of "Taiwan independence", said the spokesman.
Behind all his activities Chen wants to increase tense and hostile across the Taiwan Strait, said Li.
"The facts have showed that Chen has never stopped the attempt to promote 'Taiwan independence,'" he said.
Taiwan local media recently quoted Chen Shui-bian as saying that Taiwan needs a great reform of education to settle "the problem of self-identity."
The education department of Taiwan authorities is trying to amend the history textbook for high school students following ideas of "Taiwan independence," according to local media reports.
Taiwan is an indiscerptible part of the Chinese territory, which is a clear fact recognized in the Cairo Declaration and Potsdam Proclamation, Li said.
The Cairo Declaration was signed by leaders of three allied nations, China, the United States and Britain, on Dec. 1, 1943, demanding that all the territories Japan had occupied from China, such as the northeastern parts of China, Taiwan and the Penghu Islands, be returned to China.
Taiwan authority's discriminative policy prevents cross-strait trade normalization
Taiwan authority's discriminative trade policy, not the one-China policy of the Chinese mainland, is the major reason preventing the cross-strait trade normalization, said the spokesman.
"The assertion of Taiwan authority totally turns things upside down," said Li, who gave his comment to Taiwan authority's charge that the trade abnormality across the Taiwan Strait resulted from the delay of bilateral negotiation for political precondition by the mainland government.
He pointed out that the Chinese mainland is Taiwan's largest export destination while Taiwan is the second largest import source of the Chinese mainland. But up to September this year, Chinese mainland's accumulated trade deficit to Taiwan has reached 261.039 billion US dollars owing to the intentional, restrictive measures by Taiwan authority.
Taiwan authority has launched a large amount of restriction on the products and talents from the Chinese mainland, which seriously blocked the trade normalization between Taiwan and the Chinese mainland, he said.
Taiwan is not eligible to enter the UN
Taiwan, an inseparable part of China, is not eligible to enter the United Nations (UN), an organization of only sovereign states.
When asked to comment on Chen Shui-bian's plan to apply for the UN membership for island using the name of Taiwan. Li said the Chinese UN membership represents both mainland and Taiwan, which has been solved at political, legal and procedural level already for a long time.
The spokesman said the idea of applying for the membership of UN with the name of Taiwan was another step Chen Shui-bian made topush forward "Taiwan independence" separatist attempts.
"However, any moves running counter to the purposes and principles of the UN Charter and the resolution 2758 made by the Untied Nations General Assembly and challenging the one-China principle widely acknowledged by the international society could by no means be agreed and supported by member countries of the UN," the spokesman said.
RMB interest rates hike has little impact on Taiwan businesses in mainland
The raise of RMB interest rates has had little impact on the operation and financing of Taiwan-funded companies on the mainland.
China's central bank raised both lending and deposit interest rates 0.27 percentage points on Oct. 29. It also broadened the floating degree of the lending interest rate of RMB and allowed the RMB deposit interest rate to float downward.
"The rise of RMB interest rate will benefit the sound development of its national economy, which will provide a better environment for Taiwan-invested enterprises," said Li Weiyi.
He pointed out that the adjusting of interest rate slightly raised financial costs for enterprises. Those Taiwan-invested enterprises with good credit will continue to get low-cost loans from banks.
Beginning January 1, the Chinese mainland financial institutions will stop the practice of determining lending rates according to the size of business.
This will enable small and medium-sized Taiwan-funded companies not to pay extra more financial cost for the rise of interest rates, he said.