Compared to five years ago, the number of staff was cut by half and main business income increased 78 percent, these are the "visible changes" brought to us by China Nuclear Engineering and Construction (Group) Corporation (CNECC) over the past five years. However, the changes are far more than that: China's nuclear industry has made five strides by "developing nuclear industry with science and technology", said Kang Rixin, general manager of CNECC, during a recent interview by a journalist of People's Daily.
First, a relatively complete nuclear research and development system has been established. Now China's nuclear industry owns a batch of state-of-the-art facilities for scientific research and experiment, and contingents dedicated to nuclear research, tremendous scientific achievement in nuclear power and nuclear fuel with independent intellectual property rights and a strong technological innovative capability.
Second, notable achievement made in nuclear power development. In the process from "zero breakthrough" to a major leap made on its own, then to operation according to international practice, China's nuclear power construction, operation and management have reached a new level. By exerting itself, China has possessed the ability to build, operate and manage 600, 000-kilowatt and million-kilowatt pressurized water reactor (PWR) power plants by "taking itself as the dominant factor and engaging in Sino-foreign cooperation". The development of nuclear power has not only furthered the advancement of scientific research, design and nuclear fuel production, but has also greatly promoted domestic machinery, electronics, instrument and meter industries.
Third, China's nuclear fuel industry has made leaps in production capacity and upgrading of technology in key links, and formed a complete industrial system. Nuclear power stations have standardized and serialized home-made fuel components for 300, 000-kw, 600, 000-kw and 900, 000-kw stations with quality reaching the international level. Spent fuel reprocessing made headway and the industry started to undertake spent fuel from 2003.
Fourth, nuclear security has been guaranteed. China has established and perfected a nuclear safety supervisory and management system as well as comprehensive laws and regulations on nuke security. The past several years have witnessed no nuclear accident, but the security of radioactive wastes and retired facilities has been brought under effective control.
Fifth, the overall economy of the nuclear industry has been improving year by year. Sources say, the corporation earned 13.2 billion yuan from its main businesses by the end of 2003, a 78-percent growth from 1999, and an average annual rate of 16 percent. The aggregate assets and net assets of the corporation increased by 52 percent and 32 percent respectively over 1999.
By People's Daily Online