Last updated at: (Beijing Time) Monday, April 01, 2002
China's Taiwan, HK & Macao Achieve First Modernization: Expert
China's Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao had gone forward with the completion of their first modernization in 2000. This was announced in Beijing on Sunday by He Chuanqi, researcher and head of the research group on the strategy for modernization in China.
China's Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao had gone forward with the completion of their first modernization in 2000. This was announced Sunday in Beijing by He Chuanqi, researcher and head of the research group on the strategy for modernization in China.
He, who also put forward the first time the conception and theory of the "Second Modernization" in 1990s, holds that ever since the 18th century, the world modernization process consists at large of two phases, featuring respectively the fundamental characteristics of industrial economy and knowledge economy. Each phase of the modernization comprises of four stages, i.e. the initial, developing, maturing and transitional stages.
As He Chuanqi introduced, the year of 2000 saw China complete some 76 percent of the first modernization as a whole, namely in the developing stage. However, there appear unbalances in the development of modernization in different regions, in which the six regions of China's Taiwan, Hong Kong, Macao, Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai have entered into the transitional stage of the first modernization. Whereas the four regions of Liaoning and others are in the maturing stage, the 15 regions such as Heilongjiang in the developing stage and other nine areas like Tibet in the initial stage of the first modernization.
In accordance with the indexes for appraisal for the second modernization, 1999 saw Hong Kong and Macao enter respectively into the developing and initial stages of the second modernization with the indexes for the second modernization reaching that of the developed countries. Whereas Beijing and Taiwan are at the preparatory stage for the second modernization and with the indexes of Beijing, Taiwan, Tianjin and Shanghai for the second modernization exceeding the world average, reaching that of the intermediate developed countries.
The realization of modernization is a long historical process, in which different strategies and indexes are required to work out at different phases and stages. The six regions as Beijing and others must go full steam ahead for the second modernization, said He Chuanqi, and with efforts being made to bring the major indexes up to and over the top level of the intermediate developed countries to close by that of the then developed countries.
The 15 regions like Liaoning at the initial stage of development must go in for second modernization in a harmonious way with efforts being made to bring the major indexes to and over the bottom level of the then intermediate developed countries to close by the then upper level, He added.
Whereas the 13 underdeveloped areas like Gansu must continue to go ahead with the first modernization and strive to make the major indexes for development outstrip the standard of first modernization of the time and to keep pace with or overtake the bottom line of the then intermediate developed countries of the world, according to the scholar.