Home>>China
Last updated at: (Beijing Time) Monday, March 11, 2002

Lawmakers Listen to Reports by Supreme Court, Supreme Procuratorate

The on-going Fifth Session of the Ninth National People's Congress (NPC) began its fourth plenary meeting Monday morning and participants will listen to reports on the work of the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate.


PRINT DISCUSSION CHINESE SEND TO FRIEND


The on-going Fifth Session of the Ninth National People's Congress (NPC) began its fourth plenary meeting Monday morning and participants are listening to reports on the work of the Supreme People's Court and the Supreme People's Procuratorate.

Top leaders Jiang Zemin, Li Peng, Zhu Rongji, Li Ruihuan, Hu Jintao, Wei Jianxing and Li Lanqing were present at the meeting presided over by Zhou Guangzhao, executive chairman of the Fifth Session and a vice-chairmen of the session's presidium.

A total of 2,731 NPC deputies attended the meeting. More than 2, 000 members of the Ninth National Committee of the Chinese People' s Political Consultative Conference also attended as non-voting delegates.

Supreme Court Overhauls 2,600 Judicial Explanations
China's top judge Xiao Yang said Monday the Supreme People's Court has overhauled more than 2,600 judicial explanations issued since New China was set up in 1949, a move aimed to get compatible with the World Trade Organization ( WTO) rules.

In his work report to the Fifth Session of the Ninth National People's Congress, the Supreme Court president said that the 177 outdated judicial explanations annulled have been made public. While making judicial preparations for China's WTO entry, the Supreme Court has stepped up the training of judicial professionals, and more than 200 outstanding young judges have been sent abroad for further study, with about half of them already back home and becoming key players in dealing with cases involving foreign parties.

Xiao said the people's courts all over China have made intensified efforts to handle civil and commercial cases involving foreign parties and to standardize the procedures for the trial of such cases.

To unify judicial standards and improve the administration of justice, concentrated jurisdiction of civil and commercial cases involving foreign parties has been introduced and the trial of such cases are handled by courts with more capable judges in concentration, Xiao said.

The Supreme Court has also launched a website on the trial of commercial and maritime cases involving foreign parties to improve the openness and transparency of the trial of cases involving foreign parties.

Xiao said the Supreme Court requires all judges in the country to improve their awareness of the rule of law and abide by law in their judicial activities.

Courts Handle More Cases of Underworld in Nature
While the overwhelming cases handled by the people's courts at all levels over the past year were civil disputes, such criminal cases as those of underworld in nature, and those involving shooting and explosions increased sharply, said the President of the Supreme People's Court.

Xiao Yang said that the sharp increase in the handling of cases of underworld in nature and cases involving shooting and explosions was the result of the implementation of the policy of "dealing heavy blows at criminals".

The chief judge said that the people's courts at all levels and specialized courts handled 5,927,660 cases, of which 12.31 percent were criminal cases, 85.64 percent were civil cases and 2.05 percent were administrative cases.

He said that the people's courts at all levels handled 1,493 criminal cases involving serious disruption of the market economic order and punished 19,972 criminals, saving the state 2.23 billion yuan of economic losses.

The courts administered justice on 100,440 cases of labor disputes, 33 percent more than in the previous year, giving strong protection to the lawful rights and interests of laborers and ensuring the performance of effective labor contracts.

In addition, the courts handled more than 100,000 administrative cases, protecting the legitimate rights and interests of parties concerned and ensured the execution of specific lawful administrative behavior.

The courts also administered justice on 6,753 cases involving compensation by the state.

In order to correctly apply the revised Marriage Law, the Supreme People's Court worked out principles favorable to protecting the lawful rights and interests of such vulnerable groups as women, old people, children and the party without fault and to production and livelihood of the people and to fostering good social ethics and convention in hearing cases involving marriage and family. The courts at all levels heard and closed 1,394,677 such cases.

The courts provided judicial assistance to such disadvantaged groups as handicapped by appointing lawyers or agents for them and assisted those who did not have the financial resources to take legal action to protect their rights by exempting, reducing or postponing the cost so as to protect their rights of litigation.

For the whole of 2001, the courts provided judicial assistance to 300,000 cases, with 839 million yuan of litigation cost exempted, reduced or postponed.





Questions?Comments? Click here
    Advanced

NPC Fifth Session Holds Third Plenum

NPC Annual Session Holds Second Plenary Meeting



>> Full Coverage

 


Copyright by People's Daily Online, all rights reserved