Latest News:  


World Cultural Heritage: Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu (2)


15:34, July 09, 2013

The Temple of Confucius lies at the south gate of Qufu, and is the temple enshrining Confucius. The temple is the model of over 2,000 Confucian temples across China, North Korea, Japan, Vietnam, Indonesia, Singapore and the United States. It is said that the Temple of Confucius was first built in 478 B.C. and there were only three houses at that time. Through continual construction, it was gradually developed into a large architectural complex with over 100 temples and 460 rooms, covering an area of about 95,000 square meters. In terms of scale, the Temple of Confucius is the second largest ancient architectural complex that exists in China, next to the Imperial Palace, and it can also be called the model of large-scale ancient temple architecture in China.

The overall design of the Temple of Confucius is very successful. A road was paved in front of the temple, with Chinese junipers planted on both sides, giving people a solemn atmosphere and feeling of great reverence. The main body of the temple runs through a central axis, creating a symmetrical and rigorous layout. There are nine interlinking courtyards from the front to back, and the first three are guiding courtyards, which only have a few small rooms. The pines and cypresses grow in the courtyards in rows, creating a clear and tranquil atmosphere with the shade. The deep and quiet aisles between the towering pines and cypresses not only gives people a feeling of the temple’s long history, but also reflects the profoundness of Confucius’s sayings. There are also writings on horizontal inscribed boards on the archways that highly praise Confucius' great achievements, giving people strong impressions and inspiring great reverence for Confucius. Beginning from the fourth courtyard, the buildings are majestic with yellow tiles, red walls, and green trees that complement each other beautifully, reflecting the broad and profound feeling of Confucianism and Confucius’ great achievements. The two buildings to the east and west, which are 166 meters long and used for worshipping famous Confucian philosophers, shows the long history of Confucianism.

【1】 【2】 【3】 【4】 【5】

Email|Print|Comments(Editor:LiQian、Ye Xin)

Related Reading

Leave your comment0 comments

  1. Name


Selections for you

  1. China, Russia start naval drills

  2. Stage of actual-troop exercise

  3. Most tragic pics around world

  4. People mourn students in SF air crash

  5. Tour bus catches fire in Shanghai

  6. Keep the childlike innocence

  7. Top 20 most popular supermodels

  8. Rolex Ilhabela Sailing Week kicks off in Brazil

  9. Central bank: Fake note can be identified

  10. Dreamliner to serve Beijing-Haikou route

Most Popular


  1. CPC is thriving
  2. S&ED serves as 1st major step to build Sino-US ties
  3. Law for elderly creates a legal conundrum
  4. Hospitals should be city's priority
  5. Job seekers should be cautious abroad
  6. Comment: Lessons from Egyptian irony
  7. Thinking small begins to yield results
  8. Need for structural reform seen growing
  9. Time to set past differences by the wayside
  10. Netizens argue validity of top 10 Chinese noodles

What’s happening in China

Teenage crash victims were talented students

  1. Severe floods affect 16,900 in SW China
  2. Infrastructure construction goes well in Sansha
  3. China's first electric car rental outlet opens
  4. Paperback microblogger
  5. 1 held for polluting river with chemical wastes