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Innovation of Education in Ming & Qing Dynasties (3)

(People's Daily Online)

11:15, July 23, 2012

Imperial College in Nanjing, Ming Dynasty

Declination in the Qing Dynasty

Since the Qing Dynasty (1644 - 1911) was dominated by the Manchu ethnic group, they gave their people priority over the Han people. Manchu people attending the imperial examination were not tested but required only to undertake some translation, yet the Han people were still formed a majority of the examinees. As the tight hold on affairs held by the Qing Dynasty became more and more unpopular, the education system also needed fresh ideas and input as it was a disservice to the country. A trend appeared towards the way in which the positions of court officials could be purchased and this sometimes even gave rise to unlawful pass to the degraded system.

It is interesting to note that one of characters depicted in the novel 'Fan Jin Zhong Ju' is quite a typical victim of the declining system. The hero Fan Jin took pains time and time again to achieve a pass the provincial examination. Never one to give up, he was in his fifties when his efforts were finally rewarded. When he got the news that he had finally ranked on the list of successful candidates, he was in a delirium with great joy!

【1】 【2】 【3】

Email|Print|Comments(Editor:杜明明、叶欣)

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