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People's Daily Online>>Life & Culture

World cultural heritage in China to enjoy strict protection (2)

(People's Daily Online)

11:06, April 21, 2012

At present, China's world heritage has basically been perfected in the declaration and the protection, management and monitor system.

Like other countries, China is also faced with severe challenges on heritage protection and development.

The number of visitors will sharply increase in the heritage sites once they are included in "the World Heritage List." As the world's most populous country, China's cultural heritages are facing mounting pressure brought by toursim, said Shan Jixiang, president of the Palace Museum.

According to calculation, the number of tourists visiting the Imperial Palace reaches 20,000 per day and over 100,000 per day in peak tourist season. The number of tourists at the Imperial Palace is predicted to break 14 million in 2012 and it will continue to increase in the future. We should give full play to government's leading role, extensively integrate social resources and forces and make interaction between heritage protection and social development, said Shan.

Tong said that some improper constructions during the large-scale urbanization, rural construction and reconstruction of old cities destroyed the pattern, environment and styles of the historical villages. The urbanization rapidly devoured the cultural landscape of surrounding cities and the landscape protection of historical cities is faced with unprecedented pressure. Historical villages have been empty. Historical buildings were damaged for lack of maintenance and improper reconstruction of old cities led the historical blocks to lose heritage value.

During the 12th Five-Year Plan, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage will mainly carry out two works. First, they will draft the "Preparatory List of the World Cultural Heritage in China," which is credible, typical and balanced, strictly protecting the items having potential world heritage value. Second, they will establish early warning system to monitor the world cultural heritage nationwide.

Now, China's world cultural heritage protection and monitor center has preliminarily finished construction plan of the early warning system of China's world cultural heritage. More than 10 world heritage sites in China have submitted their plans of monitor and early warning pilot places.

【1】 【2】

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