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People's Daily Online>>China Politics

China amends law for human rights protection (2)

(People's Daily Overseas Edition)

17:11, March 12, 2012

Law has been and will continue to be the main regulator of modern social relations. Laws are made to maintain social stability, safeguard and promote social development. And laws are the synonym of fairness and justice, which makes the realization of rule of law a process of recognizing and protecting human rights. Rule of law is always centered on protection of human rights.

Writing human rights protection into the law should clarify what are human rights first. The concept of “human right” proposed during the bourgeois revolution period in the 17th century and 18th century was mainly used to fight against the feudal theocracy, monarchical power and aristocratic privilege.

After the World War II, the Charter of the United Nations learned the painful lesson from the fact that fascists trampled human rights, began to emphasize the protection of human rights, then issued a Universal Declaration of Human Rights later and developed International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights, reflecting the international demands for the protection of human rights.

In the past half a century, the concept of human rights is also expanding with great political and economic changes in the world, for example, the human right values of the developing countries now pays more attention to right to subsistence, right to development and environmental right while continuing to emphasize the traditional protection of human rights.

Therefore, only by fully establishing the socialist rule of law, taking democracy, freedom, human rights, fairness, justice, rule by law, administration according to the law, impartial administration of justice, equality before the law, the openness, stability, and authority of the law, law of non- retroactivity and no crime without a law as the principles of socialist rule of law, cultivating culture of socialist rule of law and improving the legal awareness of the whole people, can "write human rights into the law" be truly implemented.

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